1 WOMS 210 Final Exam Study Guide 2018.docx - 1 WOMS 210...

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1 WOMS 210 Final Exam Study Guide 25 multi choice, 9 match terms, ID 2 out of the 5 terms define it and why is it important to this class? 4 short answer- 5this summary of group presentation (2 of them) WEEK 9 –Women in Judaism -What is meant by ethno-religious group and why is this significant in Judaism? -What are the three major Jewish religious movements and how have the impacted women within
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them?-What are some of the specific gendered practices within Judaism?
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-Who was Lilith and what roles does she play for Jewish women- how has she been revisioned?
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-She appeared in the Talmud and rabbinical folklore as a female demon who seduced men and threatened babies/women in childbirth -She was reinvented as a role model for women who did not accept male domination (as a rival goddess to patriarchal traditions) Ethno-religious group- ethnic group whose members are unified by a common religious background (where people identify with their ancestral heritages and religious affiliation) Endogamy- marriage within a specific tribe or social unit as a way to prevent intermarriage, preserve the stability of the community and ensure the longevity of the culture mihu Yehudi ("who is a Jew")-highly debated idea of who is consider a Jew (anyone born of a Jewish mother OR converted in accord with Jewish law) Mishnah-the collection of interpreted laws of Judaism that were indirectly hinted to in the Torah Minyan-prayer with the community (or a quorum of ten adults) where men were only counted since women had other motherly duties Lilith-Adam’s first wife, was created equal and demanded to be treated equal; she was denied this so she fled, joined demons and gave birth to demons Queen of Heaven-name for the virgin Mary Niddah-the Jewish practice of sexual separation during a women’s menstrual period Mikvah- a ritual bath that Jewish women do after the end of their period Kashrut-Jewish dietary laws has significant meaning for Jewish people in their history (eating kosher) rabbinic ordination-most orthodox Jews reject the idea of ordaining women as rabbis, which contradicts Jewish law. Reform Jews had first woman rabbi in 1972, conservative in 1985 mitzvoth-Jewish commandments given to the Jewish people; is regarded as a privileged, the more mitzvot one is obliged to observe the more privilege one is; since women are not obligated to observe, they are regarded as less privileged Rosh Chodesh- Nerot-means “lights”; priviledge of lighting candles to mark the beginning of Shabbat or a holidat; lighting marks
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