LAS 250- Midterm 2 Study Guide

LAS 250- Midterm 2 Study Guide - Shanghai Dreams Official...

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Shanghai Dreams Official Name • People’s Republic of China (zhonghua renmin gongheguo) • Traditionally referred to as the Middle Kingdom (zhongguo) • Republic of China (Taiwan) (zhonghua minguo) People's Republic of China (PRC) • Neighboring Nations • Korea, Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Philippines • Buffer Zones/Natural Physical Barriers (Scarce population-5% of total) • Isolation-Himalayas and Gobi Desert on West, Oceans on East, Inner Mongolia on North • Center and periphery Enormous Size • 3rd largest country in the world (after Russia and Canada) • Area: 3.7 million square miles (US 3.6 million) – Total land area-China is slightly larger; Total area (including water area)-US – Maine to Cuba and Boston to San Francisco – Less than 25% of total area under cultivation (only 450,000 square miles are arable-less than 1/3 of China proper) 1/5 of World’s Population • Population 1, 306, 313, 812 reported – US 300,000,000 – 1.4 billion with “black households” • Growth rate 0.58% (US 0.92 %) • 90% of population densely concentrated in 7% of the available land Population Burden • How do you feed, clothe, and find jobs for that many people? • Scarcity of resources (food, clothing, housing)/ management/control • Natural disasters – floods along 2 great rivers Yangzi and Yellow
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– Droughts, importance of harnessing water resources • Management/control-Maintaining ethnic harmony and social stability Political Orientation and Source of Livelihood • Single party rule-Chinese Communist Party • View themselves as socialist (not communist-China not ready for communism) • Mao Zedong Thought-socialism adapted to Chinese conditions • Deng Xiaoping-socialist market economy-“building socialism with Chinese characteristics” 4 th Generation of Leaders • Mao Zedong 1949-1976 • Revolution, Liberation, Founding of PRC • Hua Guofeng 1976-1981 • Deng Xiaoping 1978-1997 • Reform and Opening Up (gaige kaifang) • Jiang Zemin 1997-2002 • Hu Jintao 2002-present Core Leadership • General Secretary (CCP) – Hu Jintao (Nov. 2002-present) • Premier (Chairman of the State Council) – Wen Jiabao (Mar 2003-present) • Chairman, Standing Committee, National People's Congress – Wu Bangguo (2003-present) Core Leadership • Standing Committee of CPC Politburo – Hu Jintao, Wu Bangguo, Wen Jiabao, Jia Qinglin, Li Changchun, Xi Jingping (designated successor), Li Keqiang • Chairman, CPC Central Military Commission – Hu Jintao • President: Hu Jintao • Vice-President: Zeng Qinghong Cultural Chinas • China has never been a homogeneous, mono-ethnic country • It is a multicultural and ethnically diverse place • Its population size, vast area, ethnic diversity and wide
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range of physical terrains combine to foster tremendous diversity within the Han majority • Customs, diets, ways of life and levels of development vary tremendously from region to region Regional and Ethnic Diversity • 56 officially recognized ethnic groups
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course LAS 250 taught by Professor Mesrapova during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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LAS 250- Midterm 2 Study Guide - Shanghai Dreams Official...

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