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Institutions of Governance, Cabinet Decision-Making Systems and Deputy MinistersPAP 2320 A- Public ManagementStéphanie Viola-Plante- Winter 2016
The Prime Minister1. The prime minister is the leader of the governing party.•Important: He is not elected as Prime Minister. He was elected as a deputy and because he won the leadership of his party, if the party wins the majority of the seats in the House of Commons, he, by constitutional convention, becomes the Prime Minister automatically.•He is appointed by the Governor General.
The Prime Minister2. It is the exclusive power of the prime minister to select a cabinet.•By constitutional convention- not written in the law. •CANADIAN CHARTER OF RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS,- for the first time, the notion of executive- not more than five years.•cabinet shuffle: any time, if dissatisfaction.•Cabinet size
The Prime Minister•Cabinet Formation:•Members of the House of Commons•Ideologies•Representation•Merit: ministerial experience, knowledge in the field of the department, support at the leadership race, those who stood against him in the leadership race.
The Prime Minister3. The prime minister is also the chief architect of the very structure of the government and of what will be the decision-making system of the cabinet.•How many government departments there will be•The scope of the nature of these portfolios•Whether new departments should be created or old one disbanded or amalgamated into other existing departments. By Decree of the Cabinet.
The Prime Minister4. The prime minister is vested with wide authority to make appointments within the government and to other state institutions.•Governor General/Lieutenant-governors in the provinces;•The members of the Senate;•The judges of the Supreme Court of Canada and superior courts of the provinces;•Canadian ambassadors•Senior civil servants
The Prime Minister5. A prime minister’s power is related to his special role in Parliament •Central player in the House of Commons.•Prime minister will be the target of most opposition attacks- chief advocate and defender of government policy.
The Prime Minister6. The prime minister is the chief communicator for the government, both at home and abroad.•The prime minister is the primary diplomat of the country;•The decision-maker wit regard to Canadian foreign policy;•Represents Canada at major bilateral meetings…group of eight•The media•The general public: leading figure of power
Cabinet Ministers•Consisting of the Prime Minister, Ministers and Parliamentary SecretariesMeeting /Every WednesdayMeeting /Every WednesdayCabinet discussions: policy and program Cabinet discussions: policy and program options, the desired course of government options, the desired course of government action; the weaknesses, problems, and dangers action; the weaknesses, problems, and dangers confronting the government and the best ways confronting the government and the best ways and means of overcoming these difficultiesand means of overcoming these difficulties