History Study Guide #2-08 - Please bring a Scantron sheet...

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Please bring a Scantron sheet (the big one) and a #2 pencil History of the Recording Industry Study Guide Exam #2 Dr. John Dougan Caution: This guide is not meant to be definitive, but rather, comprehensive. It is designed to provide you with a way to organize your study. Reading : Starr and Waterman, Chapters 5-8. (I will ask questions taken directly from the reading that have not been discussed in class). Please refer to Tech Timeline #2 & #3, they contain material not in the lectures. If you see names listed below that were not part of the lecture, then you’ll need to refer to the book. Concepts, Ideas Swing music, especially the principal figures mentioned in the film we watched o 1949 – Billboard changes “Race Music” chart to “Rhythm and Blues” o o Radio 500,000 watts – signal could be picked up on the east coast throughout the southeast Notable DJs: John Richbourg, Gene Nobles, Hoss Allen Rockabilly Effect of the Depression on record sales Honky Tonk Music Western Swing Circumstances that contributed to the rise of independent labels o Key Factors in the post WWII era Wartime rationing of Shellac – major labels drop race music and country artists Postwar economic recovery – more $$ for teens and African Americans o Early 1950s – Roughly 100 Indie labels in operation Changes in technology after WWII People Blind Lemon Jefferson o Influential blues singer and guitarist o Texas Blues o First Country Blues star H.C. Speir o "Talent broker" and record store owner from Jackson, Mississippi o Sends out demos
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o Gets blues musicians record deals o Discovers Charley Patton J. Mayo Williams o Pioneering African-American producer of recorded blues music o Helps Paramount become one of the most important race record labels o Signs Ma Rainey Robert Johnson o Delta blues musician o Country blues artist that had a great influence on later generations o "Grandfather of Rock-and-Roll" o “Sold his soul to the devil” – b/c he was so good Mamie Smith o 1920 – Records “Crazy Blues” o Start of “Classic Blues” era (aka “race music” era) Albert Hunter, Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Ethel Waters Jimmie Rodgers o "The Father of Country Music" o First country superstar o Bristol Sessions Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys o Western Swing – Southern string band music, drums, sax, trumpet Louis Jordan (1908-1975) o More than anyone symbolizes the tradition from the relative smoothness of swing to o Signed to Decca in 1929 w/ his band the Tympani 5 o Jordan anticipated the decline of bigger bands and the emergence of smaller, horn- o 1944-1949 – Jordan had 10 hits for Decca o Use of the Shuffle Boogie (Walking Bass) – an element of Big Band Swing o
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course RIM 3000 taught by Professor Dougan during the Spring '08 term at Middle Tennessee State University.

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History Study Guide #2-08 - Please bring a Scantron sheet...

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