Modern Israel_Recitation.docx - Modern Israel Recitation...

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Modern Israel: Recitation 1/26/18 - Jews tried to integrate into the communities but realized that it doesn’t work and were always treated unfairly o Always reminded that they are a Jew, anti-Semitism o The Zionist movement came to give a solution to the Jewish problem, wanted to give hope - the Zionist wanted to be a signal of hope and create a sense of national identity among Jews around the world - the only way to do this was to have one place/territory, common history – this will show how the Bible connects Jews – one common language, Jews didn’t speak Hebrew as the daily vernacular language, had a revival of Hebrew into a secular, modern language - there was a fight between the Yiddish and the Hebrew, Hebrew won; however, some religious individuals believe Hebrew is a holy language and refuse to use it - the Zionist movement was the most supportive of the plan to go to Palestine - the old Jew, is the passive Jew, the Jew that submits to persecution and violence – the Jew that doesn’t fight back and only involved in academic action o Zionist looked to create the new Jew – strong Jew, one that will fight back o “the negation of exile” to negate anything that relates to exile and persecution without fighting back - Sabra: like a pear, Israel is like Sabra and has a tough exterior but sweet interior – symbolizes the new, Jew/Israel o First used in 1930 - Muscular Judaism coined by Max Nordau, reject the weak old Jew and show a stronger new Jew - Zionists took religious terms and secularized them - Declaration of Independence: May 14, 1948 o The Land of Israel means they are justify Jewish existence on this land in the first sentence 2/2/18 - The law of return in very important – “return” suggests that Jews were there before and are coming back; according to Ben gurion the law of return was for the Jewish people and that they have an inherent right to come back to Israel – this right is the very reason they established the state - Major Waves of Immigration to Israel: o 1948-1950s Jews from Arab countries
o 1990s – post soviet immigration – between 1989-2006, about 1.6 million soviet jews and their non jewish relatives and spouses as defined by the law of return emigrated from the former soviet union o 1984 and early 1985, 6700 Ethopians were taken to Israel in what came to be known as “Operation Moses” o 1991 over 14,000 “Operation King Solomon” - Tent cities, ma’abarot, development towns - Potential points of departure: religion, socioeconomic factors, ideology, culture - Socioeconomic unrest: o Wadi Salib riots (1959): mistreatment by the police o David Ben haroush o Black panthers (Jerusalem 1971) - Rupture and Return: Since the Arabs were now the enemy of Israel, how could Jews be Arabs – the Zionists wanted Arabic Jews to abandon their Arabic identities - Ella Shohat: majority of Mizrahi jews were sprayed with DDT because thought were disease-ridden; State kidnapped mostly Yemeni kids and sold for adoption – State kept the money – believed children would live better

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