Modern_Israel-part2.docx - Topic 15 Review midterm 1 If...

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Topic 15: Review midterm 1
If Resolution 181 called for a partition in the Palestinian British mandate why didn’t it happen?No one except the Palestinians themselves wanted an independent state; each of the countries that invaded Israel in May 1948 wanted to carve outfor themselves territorial advantagesThey saw Palestinian national leadership (Hussinei) as a threat in particular to Jordan; Kind of Jordan sought to prevent Palestinian state since leadership was seen as extremistThe West bank and the Gaza strip were under Arab control from 1948 to 1967: why wasn’t advantage taken of this situation to create a PalestinianstateArabs didn’t want itPalestinian society in 1948 had a weak and divided leadership/community; most of population did not care about the identity of the identity of Palestinians as a unit – the people cared more about their individual needs rather than the issue of the wholeunitPalestinians mobilized less than 1/3 of the fighters that the Jews did in the civil warThe great Palestinian uprising in 1936-1939 was as much against the British as it was the Jews; British army destroyed much of this uprising, when Palestinians had to rise up to fight they were already weakened ten years earlierUN Resolutions: Resolution 181: called for partition of British mandate in November 1947 (general assembly)Resolution 194: called for end of conflict and set forth for negotiation to solution (compensation paid to refugees, take in refugees so long as they live in peace Jews), general assemblyResolution 242: security council, articulates the formula of land for peace, Arabs agree to peace – Israelis return land occupied in 6-day warWhite paper: policy statement of the government brought to parliament for a vote1922: Churchill, gave Jews western part of Palestine, Arabs eastern part1939: McDonald, creation of bi-national, ended Jewish immigration into Palestine unless Arabs agree to it, control the sale of land to Jews – Arab majority can’t sell to Jews, Minority can sell, mixed population must go before council for approval of sale; set up headsof department scheme (not important) part of government given to Jews and part to Arabs
oRejected by Arabs (wanted more) and Jews (wanted immigration)UNRWA: created in late 1949 by UN to look after Palestinian refugeesBecause UNRWA was designed to care for refugees and find solutionby means of developmental aid – improve Arab countries and enable refugees to integrate into neighboring coloniesHad 10 year mandate, mandate renewed many timesEichmann Trial:First time Israelis were exposed to detailed witness testimonies of what happened during holocaust in Europe – 100 total witnessesChanged popular attitudes towards survivors; trial was designed to educate the publicMoscow Declaration of 1943:Allies in looking at end of WWII; How do you hurry up the collapse ofthe Nazi regime, force German allies to change sides?

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