his2[1] - Concepts, Ideas, Styles Themes and Streams in...

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Concepts, Ideas, Styles Themes and Streams in American popular music o European American Stream Characteristics Perfectly pitched Flowing Melodies Rhythmically distinct vocal delivery No syncopation Contribution Ballads (Ballad Operas) Broadsides Pleasure gardens o Outdoor setting for music performance (17 th Century) Strophic form (series of verses sung to repeating melody) Bel Canta singing 1728 – “The Beggar’s Opera” – Ballad Opera – Precursor to musical comedy Songs feature strong melodies that were simple and easy to remember Lyrics focused on romantic themes o African American Stream Characteristics Flexibly pitched Speech-like vocal delivery Repetitive rift like melodies Lots of syncopation Melisma (Singing several notes to one syllable) Contribution Call-and-response (antiphonal) singing Polyrhythms Wide palette of timbres Emphasis on bass (low pitched sounds) Banjos o Latin American Stream Characteristics Habanera rhythm o A Cuban originated rhythm combining African polyrhythms and 19 th century European country-dance Contributions “The Latin Tinge”: Son and Rumba (Cuba) Tango (Argentina) Samba Carioca
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Bossa Nova (Brazil) Syncopation o An accent that comes between beats of regular rhythm, rather than with them Groove o The Channeled flow of rhythms Riff o A repeated pattern designed to generate rhythmic momentum Timbre o Tone color, the “grain” of a singer’s voice, a soundprint Melisma o Singing several notes to one syllable Hook o A memorable musical phrase or riff Blackface minstrelsy o Projection of white racism o ‘love and theft’ Working class whites to comment on their own marginalization Tango, habanera rhythms Shape Note/Sacred Harp singing o Fa Sol La singing o Simple method of musical notation for “musically illiterate” o Pre-commercial form of American vernacular music o Seperates choir and common folk o Originated in northeastern singing schools, brought to the south by traveling music teachers o Huge influence on early country music harmonizing o Sacred Harp- (1844) Compiled by Benjamin Franklin White Early commercial music publishing o Separate black/white shape note tradition o Still practiced today Ragtime o o 1897 – 1 st published ragtime songs are by whites William Krell – “Mississippi Rag” Theodore Northrup’s – “Louisiana Rag” o Scott Joplin – ragtime composer Familiarize yourself with the technology timelines o People Albert Murray o American Popular Music – “incontestably mulatto”
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Stephen Foster o First significant American songwriter to make a living as a songwriter
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course RIM 3000 taught by Professor Dougan during the Spring '08 term at Middle Tennessee State University.

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his2[1] - Concepts, Ideas, Styles Themes and Streams in...

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