art history notes

art history notes - Orientalism in 19 th century European...

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Unformatted text preview: Orientalism in 19 th century European and American Art 05/03/2008 09:23:00 ← Idea of new subjects and new categories ← What the works say about the European domination of the middle east ← This way we can understand how Europeans saw themselves and pictured others ← Orientalism- term used in 19 th century to refer to middle east ← Orientalism-is a European invention that has no basis in objective reality. Presumed cultural supiority over middle east. Used to perpetuate European domination. Not a specific place, but way Europeans established themselves differently from other places. ← ← Delacroix, Death of Sardanapalus • Deals with ancient middle east • Took place in ancient in asyria • King has all of his women and possessions be destroyed when he was about to be taken over • Romanticism • Intense colors and wild brushstrokes mimic the violence and chaos shown in scene • Connection between violence and eroticism • Whose reality are we seeing? • A deliberate way of representing the orient as foreign exotic and violent • Yet the white skinned females represent the beauty of the Europeans, not middle east females • This horrible behavior only shown to exist in orient, not Europe • has to do with institution of prostitution found in Europe 19 th century • distances itself from behavior of mean dominating women • but show behaviors in orientalism and not in france ← Antoine-Jean Gros, Napolean in the Plague House at Jaffa • Political • Napolean actually had these plagued soldiers killed • Political propoganda ← ← Jean Gros, Combat at Nazareth • French defeated at Nazareth • They were dessamated by the plague • Glorification of French • History painting • Bravery and honor of French soldiers • Barbarism and cruelty of Ottoman Turks ← ← Bellini’s, The Scribe ← ← ← Bellini’s, ST. Mark Preaching in Alexandria • Interest in the Holy Land and trade ← ← Gerome, Napolean in Cairo • Napolean on camel back ← ← Denon, Drawings of Ruins at Sunset and Measuring the Sphinx • Napolean brought architects and scientists to describe and study archaelogy and land of Egypt • The results were put in a book • Idea to show precision in which French were studying land of Egypt • French have to do documentation for the barbarians, locals ← ← Delacroix, Moroccan Sketchbooks ← ← ← Delacroix, Jewish Bride at Tangier • Artist spent six months in middle east and wanted to record every aspect of morocccan life in his sketch books • He was fascinated by costumes and architecture ← ← Delacroix, Arab Fantasia • Interested in local population...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course FAH 2 taught by Professor Hoffman during the Spring '08 term at Tufts.

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art history notes - Orientalism in 19 th century European...

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