Psych 323 - Summary (UNIT 1).docx - Psych 323 Summary(UNIT...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 45 pages.

Psych 323 – Summary (UNIT 1)Chapter 1 (History, Theory and Research strategies)The Field of Child DevelopmentoScientific curiosity is one factor that led to child development to becoming a field of study, as well as social pressures to improve the lives of childreno21stcentury: how to teach children at different ages, pediatricians want to improve children's health need knowledge in physical growth and nutrition, social services want to improved mental health need info about personality and social developmentoInterdisciplinary: the field has grown thanks to multiple fields (psychology, sociology, anthro, bio, education, family studies, medicine...)Domains of Developmento3 broad domains: Physical – changes in body size, appearance, function of body systems, perceptual and motor capacities and physical healthCognitive Development – changes in intellectual abilities, attention, memory, academic and everyday knowledge, problem solving, imagination, creativity and languageEmotional and Social Development: Changes in emotional communication, self-understanding, knowledge about other people, interpersonal skills, friendships, intimate relationships and moral reasoning and behaviorPeriods of DevelopmentoPrenatal period:9 monthsMost rapid time of changeOne-cell organism to a human babyAdjusting to life in the surrounding worldoInfancy and toddlerhood:Birth - 2 yearsBody and brain changes (supports motor, perceptual and intellectual capacities)Beginning of languageFirst intimate ties to othersFirst independent steps (start of autonomy)oEarly childhood:2 – 6 yearsLonger, leaner bodyMotor skills refinedBecome self-controlled and self-sufficientMake-believe play (supports psychological dev.)Thought and language expandSense of moralityTies with their peersoMiddle childhood:6 – 11 years
Learn about the wider world, master new responsibilities (increasingly resemble adult tasks)Athletic abilities, participation in organized gamesLogical thought processesMastery reading, writing, math and othersAdvanced understanding of self, morality and friendshipoAdolescence:11 – 18 yearsTransition to adulthoodPuberty (adult size, sexual maturity)Thoughts are abstract and idealisticAutonomy from the familyPersonal values and goalsoEmerging Adulthood18 – 25 yearsExploration of options (love, career and personal values)Before making a commitmentBasic IssuesoTheory: an orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explains and predicts behavioro2 Vital tools of theories1. guide and give meaning to what we see2. verified by research and creates sound basis to lead practical action Continuous or Discontinuous Development?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture