Holt McDougal World Hist Modern World ch04.pdf - CHAPTER 4...

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Chapter 5 / Exercise 15
Trigonometry
Larson
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CHAPTER The Atlantic World, 1492–1800 Previewing Themes CULTURAL INTERACTION The voyages of Columbus prompted a worldwide exchange of everything from religious and political ideas to new foods and plants. Geography According to the map, what lands were included in the viceroyalty of New Spain in 1700? ECONOMICS The vast wealth to be had from colonizing the Americas sealed the fate of millions of Native Americans and Africans who were forced to work in mines and on plantations. Geography On which coast of the Americas would enslaved persons from Africa have arrived? EMPIRE BUILDING Over the span of several centuries, Europeans conquered the Americas’ native inhabitants and built powerful American empires. Geography What two major Native American empires did the Spanish conquer in the sixteenth century? Essential Question In this chapter you will learn about the exploration and colonization of the Americas, which strongly affected both the Eastern and Western hemispheres. SECTION 1 Spain Builds an American Empire The voyages of Columbus prompted the Spanish to establish colonies in the Americas. SECTION 2 European Nations Settle North America Several European nations fought for control of North America, and England emerged victorious. SECTION 3 The Atlantic Slave Trade To meet their growing labor needs, Europeans enslaved millions of Africans in the Americas. SECTION 4 The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade The colonization of the Americas introduced new items into the Eastern and Western hemispheres. What You Will Learn What was the impact of European exploration and colonization of the Americas? 116
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Chapter 5 / Exercise 15
Trigonometry
Larson
Expert Verified
Godspeed to Jamestown 117
This 16th-century painting by an Indian artist depicts a battle on the left between the Aztecs and Spanish. The right side shows the Spanish with their main Indian allies, the Tlaxcalans. What might you gain or lose by joining the fight? You are a Native American living in central Mexico in 1520. Suddenly you are faced with a decision that may change your life forever. Invaders, known as the Spanish, are engaged in a fierce battle with the nearby Aztecs, who are cruel and harsh rulers. Like many of your people, you hate the powerful Aztecs and hope for their defeat. The newcomers, however, are equally frightening. They ride on large beasts and fire loud, deadly weapons. You wonder whether you should follow the example of your friends and join the fight, or not fight at all. EXAMINING the ISSUES What are the advantages and disadvantages of not fighting? Which might be the lesser of two evils—supporting the Aztecs, whom you know as oppressors, or the fierce invaders, about whom you know almost nothing? Discuss these questions with your classmates. In your discussion, examine whether invading armies throughout history have made life better or worse for people in the areas they conquer. As you read about colonization in the Americas, learn the outcome of the battle between the Aztecs and the Spanish.

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