Sociology Exam 1_ Study Guide.pdf - Key Concepts Exam 1 The sociological imagination(what is it What does it explain C Wright Mills The ability to grasp

Sociology Exam 1_ Study Guide.pdf - Key Concepts Exam 1 The...

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Key Concepts: Exam 1 The sociological imagination (what is it? What does it explain?) C. Wright Mills The ability to grasp the relationship between individual lives and the larger social forces that help to shape them Importance: Explains the connection between single life experiences and social forces Goal: grasping the intersection between self and society, and understanding the soial era in which we are living Agency & structure (how to they influence each other?) Question: Are we free to act as we please, or are we shaped and governed by structures? Agency: the ability of individuals and groups to excercise free will and to make social changes on a small or large scale Structure: patterned social arrangements that have effects on agency, may be able to constrain or enable social action Agency + structure = structuration Structuration: brings together agency and structure, structure equals the interaction between structure and agency Agency itself can transform structures Culture & symbols (know difference between ideal & real culture and how this relates to cultural inconsistencies --- know major symbols used to communicate (verbal & nonverbal) Ideal culture: the values, norms, and behaviors that people in a society profess to embrace, even though the actions of the society may often contradict them Real culture: the values, norms, and behaviors that people in a given society actually embrace and exhibit Cultural inconsistancy: a contradiction betweeden the goals of ideal culture and the practices of real culture Symbols: cultural representations of social realities, representations of things that are not immediately present to our senses Examples : Letters, words, images, rituals, or actions Languge: a symbolic system, composed of verbal, and nonverbal, and sometimes written representations that are vehicoles for conveying meaning Importance: enables communication, illuminates beliefs and practices, roots a community in its enviornment, contributes to the cultural richness of ourworld
Beliefs, norms, values, mores, taboos, laws (what are they? How do they relate to each other?)

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