Course Technology 2 1 Chapter 4 Project Scope Management
Course Technology 2 2 What is Project Scope Management Project Scope Management(PSM) includes the processes involved in defining and controlling what is or is not included in a project. It ensures that the project team and stakeholders have the same understanding of what products will be produced as a result of the project and what processes will be used in producing them.
Course Technology 2 3 The processes in PSM Initiation Scope Planning Scope Definition Scope Verification Scope Change Control
Course Technology 2 4 The processes in PSM Initiation , which involves committing the organization to begin a project or continue to the next phase of a project. Scope planning , which involves developing documents to provide the basis for future project decisions, including the criteria for determining if a project or phase has been completed successfully. Scope definition, which involves subdividing the major project deliverables into smaller, more manageable components. The project team creates a work breakdown structure during this process.
Course Technology 2 5 The Processes in PSM Scope verification, which involves formalizing acceptance of the project scope. Key project stakeholders, such as the customer and sponsor for the project, formally accept the deliverables of the project during this process. Scope change control, which involves controlling changes to project scope. Scope changes, corrective action, and lessons learned are outputs of this process.
Course Technology 2 6 Project Initiation Successful managers look at the big picture or strategic plan of the organization to determine what types of projects will provide the most value. Therefore, the project initiation process involves identifying potential projects, using realistic methods to select which projects to work on.
Course Technology 2 7 Methods for selecting projects The first step in scope management is deciding what projects to do in the first place. Organizations identify many potential projects. They need to be narrowed down to those projects that will be of most benefit. Selecting projects is a critical part of project management.
Course Technology 2 8 Four Techniques for Selecting Projects 1. Focusing on broad organizational needs. 2. Categorizing information technology projects 3. Performing net present value or other financial analysis 4. Using a weighed scoring model
Course Technology 2 9 Four Techniques for Selecting Projects Each approach has advantages and disadvantages, and it is up to management to decide the best approach for selecting projects based on their particular organization.
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