Earth science_ 2.05 Research Assignment-Prominent Faults.docx - Shrestha 1 Jainnoo Shrestha Mrs C Nocchi Earth Science with Lab Prominent Faults The

Earth science_ 2.05 Research Assignment-Prominent Faults.docx

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Shrestha 1 Jainnoo Shrestha Mrs. C. Nocchi Earth Science with Lab September 24, 2018 Prominent Faults The Alpine Fault is a major strike-slip fault that is about 600km long, almost covering the entire length of New Zealand's South Island. It forms a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. This fault is known to have produced 4 major earthquakes ranging from 6 to highest of 8 magnitudes for the past 900 years. These earthquakes don’t happen often but when it does it is always a destructive one. This may be because Alpine Fault is a strike- slip fault and forms transform boundary. The Australian plate and pacific plate moves both horizontally and vertically. The Australian plate slides horizontally towards the north-east, and at the same time, the Pacific plate pushes up, forming the Southern Alps. The horizontal movement along the fault is not smooth, as both sides are locked together. When tectonic forces overcome this locking, the fault slips, jumping up to a
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  • Fall '18
  • Hailey Falcone
  • Plate Tectonics, Alpine Fault, Indo-Australian Plate

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