Literature: E. E. CummingsEdward Estlin Cummings, commonly attributed to as E. E. Cummings in most of his works, was a painter, poet, author, essayist and a playwright born on October 14, 1894, and died on September 3rd, 1962. Cummings during his lifetime wrote almost 2, 900 poems, some essays, two autobiographical novels, and four plays. Associated with modern free-form poetry, most of Cummings’ work has original grammar and utilizes lower case spellings for poetic expression, going against most rules of grammar. This essay is aimed at exploring Cummings as a known American literary figure, his biography, his achievements and analyzing his workby looking at how his works were influenced by various historical trends and events during his time and his style of writing that distinguished him from other poets. BiographyE.E. Cummings, a well-known poet, is remembered for his distinctive yet avant-garde technique of poetry. He was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts to Rebecca and Edward. His father, Edward, was a Harvard University professor and later on became a church minister while his mother was a stay at home mother. Rebecca is the person behind Cummings; love for literature, and she introduced her son to the joys of writing during their time together. Cummings, besides writing poems,also developed an interest in drawing. Throughout his life, his family practiceda one person understanding of God which inspiring his transcendental learning. With his great brains, he enrolled in Harvard where he was introduced to modern poetry that led to his avant-garde reputation. After graduating from Harvard with both a B.A and an M.A in 1916, he volunteered to serve in the First World War as an ambulance driver. The war saw him imprisoned by the French for suspicion of treason for three months because of his controversial letters. This experience influenced his first novel The Enormous Room which was published in 1922. He published his nextbook Tulips and Chimneys, which consisted of a collection of poems, in 1923. In the 1920’s and 30’s, he also published other collections of poetry. His early works were however lacked popularity at that time and were rejected by publishers, and he was forced to self-publish his work. Cummings’ romantic transcendentalism resulted from this rejection. He struggled financially from having to pay for the publishing, and despite it all, he received his first DialAward for Poetry in 1925. In 1927, he made plans for his trial play Him to be published, and his description of the expedition to the Soviet Union Eimi was published in 1933 the same year he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship. In 1933 fourteen publishers rejected his manuscript of No Thanks, Cummings with his characteristic harsh wit named all the publishers, thanking his mother for catering for the publishing fee.