Rajan singh 400036539Abortion DebateAbortion has been a controversial topic dating back to the 1820s (Furedi 2016). In thephilosophical discussion surrounding abortion, there is significant disagreement as to whether theethical focus should be placed upon a concern for the fetus or a concern for the mother. There arecompelling arguments on both sides. The argument that is against abortion and believes theconcern should be placed upon the fetus is known as the pro-life movement, whereas the concernfor the mother is the pro-choice movement. In this essay I will be discussing what exactlyabortion is and some methods to execute this procedure, following, I will examine both sides ofthe argument in an unbiased manner, highlighting key arguments made on each sides of thearguments, and finally, I will be identifying which position I feel is correct.To begin, what exactly is an abortion? An abortion is the deliberate termination of apregnancy by the removal of a fetus or embryo from the uterus (Furedi 2016). Abortions are notto get confused with miscarriages, which is the spontaneous death of a fetus, they differ when itcomes to intent. There are two types of abortion procedures that are most common, them being:medication abortions, which are drug-induced; and surgical abortions, which require some formof surgery (Lowen, Lowen, & NPR). Women of every social class are in need of abortionsaround the world for various reasons such as financial instability, pregnancy as a result of rape orincest, when fetus have congenital abnormality such as congenital heart defects, orofacial clefts,down syndrome, neural tube defects, when the continuation of pregnancy have harmful effectson mother or when mother is suffering from diseases such as hepatitis (Lowen, Lowen, & NPR).
Rajan singh 400036539The Pro-life argument focuses on the idea that all human life is precious and should bepreserved regardless of intent or quality of life, andabortion is always seen as wrong, regardlessof the circumstances (Greasley 2017). The following are some key arguments on why individualsof the pro-life movement believe abortions are immoral and should not be allowed: (1) Since lifebegins at conception, abortion is the same as murdering a human being, since you are taking ahuman life (Lowen, Lowen, & NPR); (2) If you don’t want the child, you could simply adoptsince both accomplishes the same result without the murder of a child (Lowen, Lowen, & NPR);(3) An abortion can result in medical complications later in life, the chance of a miscarriage and