The_Winnipeg_General_Strike_(1919).ppt

The_Winnipeg_General_Strike_(1919).ppt - The Winnipeg...

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Unformatted text preview: The Winnipeg General Strike (1919) Canada’s Post-war Economy and Workers’ Rights Movement Canada after the war Review. Describe Canada's economy after the war Canada after the war Even though Canada enjoyed prosperity after the war, not everyone was happy 1. Workers rights violated 2. Veterans without aid The Strike Begins… • The Winnipeg General Strike began in May, 1919, when Winnipeg’s metal and building workers walked off their jobs. • They were demanding higher wages, a shorter working week and the right to collective bargaining. • Why would collective bargaining be opposed by employers? The Strike Grows… • The Gazette, May 17, 1919 (Montreal) The strike which is in progress in Winnipeg presents features which merit serious consideration. The trouble, which was confined previously to the metal and building trades, has become general. From fifteen to twenty-five thousand employees have left their work, and all branches of commercial and industrial activities of the city are affected. What services do you think stopped during the strike? A City “Paralyzed” Post office employees Firemen Street railway employees Telephone, power and waterworks employees Railway workers Newspapers Citizens Committee of One Thousand A counter-strike committee, the "Citizens' Committee of One Thousand", was created by Winnipeg's wealthy elite. The Committee declared the strike to be a violent, revolutionary conspiracy by a small group of foreigners. The Citizen's Committee of One Thousand The Citizens’ Committee saw the strike as a breakdown of public authority and worried that the Strike Committee was attempting to overthrow the Canadian government. In which country did that really happen? Russian Revolution “Clean out the Bolshevists” • The Times, May 20, 1919 (Toronto) Winnipeg is a warning to the rest of Canada. The object of the One Big Union is plain. It is the aim of the Reds who dominate that organization to use mass-power, in defiance of agreements, for the overturning of organized society. The Times agrees with Major-General McRae that there should be a "clean-up" of the revolutionary agitators and foreign undesirables who infest the country. Which side of the strike do the people in this photo support? The Winnipeg General Strike What do you think is taking place in the photo? The Government Reacts The federal government was worried that protest would spread to other cities The Immigration Act was changed to allow foreign-born union leaders to be deported The mayor of Winnipeg fired much of the police force and arrests strike leaders “Bloody Saturday” On June 21, strikers held a parade to protest “Bloody Saturday” The parade turned violent when the Royal North West Mounted Police charged into the crowd The Strike Ends One striker died; 30 were injured; and many more were arrested 43 days after it began, the strike was over Short Term Outcome 7 out of 10 strike leaders convicted of trying to overthrow the government; sentenced to prison terms Many striking workers not rehired Many forced to sign agreements promising not to join a union Tensions between labour and business deepen Long Term Outcome The Royal Commission which investigated the strike concluded that the strike was not a criminal conspiracy by foreigners and suggested that: "if Capital does not provide enough to assure Labour a contented existence ... then the Government might find it necessary to step in and let the state do these things at the expense of Capital." ...
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  • Spring '16
  • Trade union, Strike action, General strike, Winnipeg General Strike

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