10-4 Northern and Southern China

10-4 Northern and Southern China - Greg J. Gallagher 4...

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Greg J. Gallagher 4 October 2006 Northern and Southern China Continued 1) Political and Social Divisions a) North China i) Gradually settlement of nomadic herders to sedentary, agricultural people (1) Start controlling states ii) Centralized state-building tendencies bound up with issues of defense from incursion iii) Land colonization (1) a focus on land and the role of the state in divvying it up—likely a response of nomadic people controlling land in ways they had not before, also left-over paranoia about land falling into the hands of a few people. (2) Want to control land iv) Military Expansionism (1) martial emphasis in society b) South China i) Over time, much of the old Han aristocracy flees south ii) Aboriginal peoples are pushed out by Han incursions. Also considerable intermarriage and cultural borrowing iii) Successive waves of colonists (1) newcomer vs. older established settlers becomes a major issue and source of social and political tension iv) Weak central authority (1) large stretches of low population, little economic development
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course HIST 103 taught by Professor Hess during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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10-4 Northern and Southern China - Greg J. Gallagher 4...

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