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10-20 THe Southern Song and Neo-Confucianism

10-20 THe Southern Song and Neo-Confucianism - c Adopt...

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Greg J. Gallagher 20 October 2006 The Southern Song and Neo-Confucianism 1) Wang Anshi (1021-1086) a) Created and managed efforts at systemic change in the bureaucracy i) A serious of policies known as “The New Policies” b) Support of young emperor Shenzong c) He argued for a cut of military expenditure d) Called for a reform of the exam system i) Eliminate poetry, put law instead e) Finance Planning Commision 1069 i) Re-establishment of government monopolies (1) An attempt to curb power of merchants f) Confucian Ideals of helping farmers i) Low interest rate loans ii) Lowered tax burdens 2) The Rise of the Jin Dynasty of the Jurchen People a) Jurchen People (northeast China) b) Had been a subordinate tribe to the Liao
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Unformatted text preview: c) Adopt Chinese cultural and governance d) Push Song out of the North 3) The Southern Song (1127-1279) 4) Neo-Confucianism, Zhu Xi a) Neo-Confucian Thought i) Develops a path, a method for the goodness of humans—Mencius ii) Reflections on Things at Hand iii) A central part of Zhu Xi’s thought: a conceptual Pair iv) Li: principle, law v) Qi: vital energy, force b) Cheng Brothers (1030-1100) i) Cheng Hao ii) Cheng Yi c) Zhu Xi (1130-1200) d) Effort to recapture the true teachings of Confucius/Mengzi e) Need for a Confucian system of self cultivation linked with a more profound conceptualization of the universe and man’s position in that system...
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