11-27 The Last Days of the Qing

11-27 The Last Days of the Qing - Greg J. Gallagher 27...

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Greg J. Gallagher 27 November 2006 The Last Days of the Qing: Reforms and the birth of Chinese Nationalism 1860’s-1900 Major Themes o A clash of systems Confucian world view completely challenged for the first time o China de-centered in a hostile world of nation-states o Speed: Change fast or parish o Reform and Revolution A long-lasting process, not an overnight event Self Strengthening Movement (1860’s-1890’s) (They were for the most part a failure) Feng Guifen (1809-1874) o Ti/Yong: Take Confucianism as the base/foundation, used Western technology as the means to get strong—a synthesis Zeng Guofan (1811-1872) Li Hongzhang (1823-1901) o Both men command regional armies to defeat Taiping, support modernization of military o Tongzhi Emperor—Prince Gong and Empress Dowager Cixi o Woren—Conservative court backlash Zongli Yamen o New system of foreign affairs New Emphasis on technical training/foreign languages Modern Arsenals established
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11-27 The Last Days of the Qing - Greg J. Gallagher 27...

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