11-29 Revolution and the New Culture Movement 1911-1926

11-29 Revolution and the New Culture Movement 1911-1926 -...

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Greg J. Gallagher 29 November 2006 1911 Revolution and the New Culture Movement 1911-1926 Boxer Uprising (1900-1901) o Popular response to foreign imperialism o Attacks on Missionaries o Grow to full blown attacks on foreigners and those who work with them o Beliefs: Spirit possession, invincibility They rushed at gun possessions because they thought they were invincible o Supported by Conservatives at court—particularly Empress Dowager Cixi o Ends in disaster—massive indemnity. Plus side = no more conservative influence on court Boxer Aftermath: New Policy Reforms (1901-1910) o Political Change Abolish Confucian Exams Set up Provincial Assemblies = breakdown of old political power Kind of resembles the building blocks of democracy Have elections in regional assemblies and then the elected official goes to the national assembly o Social Change New Schools = hotbeds of radicalism and nationalism Set up modern schools, not just reading/memorizing
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11-29 Revolution and the New Culture Movement 1911-1926 -...

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