Lecture 5 (2-5-08) Developmentalism, Characteristics of Globalization

Lecture 5 (2-5-08) Developmentalism, Characteristics of Globalization

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5 February 2008 Economic Geographies Globalization, Inequality and Development Developmentalism World System Approach Developmentalism and World System Approach o Both Agree that: The world economy emerged around 1500 (the start of the modern era) Expansion occurred through colonization, imperialism Income flows to those countries who colonize others rise, this shows why there is such an economic difference across countries today Geographic uneven-ness of development resulted from this Imperialism and Social Darwinism o A world of ‘advanced’ and ‘backward’ peoples and places as ‘natural o Advanced had a right to expand at the expense of backward regions Survival of the fittest o Advanced had a duty, in order to bring ‘civilization to the savages’ They had a duty to provide development and advances to other places o “SUN NEVER SETS” on British in the 1920’s because they had so many colonies o All colonizing countries went after Africa to exploit their resources and bring them back to their own countries Developmentalism o Dominant theory of economic trends after WWII o A direct descendant of imperialism and Social Darwinism o Remains dominant today o Imperialism and Social Darwinism out of Fashion after WWII Results in decolonization o
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