Three Basic Structures A government follows one of the three basic structures in dividing its power: I. Confederal systems II. Unitary systems III. Federal systems The Confederal System In a confederal system, power is distributed equally among units, such as states. ➔ Each unit functions independently ➔ The units agree to work together to meet mutual needs ➔ There is little or no central authority The Unitary System In a unitary system, all government power is held by a central government . ➔ Local offices must follow decisions made by the central government The Federal System In a federal system, government power is divided between a central government and states. ➔ States have some independence ➔ The central government and smaller units influence each other Autocratic Systems of Government An autocracy is ruled by one leader . Types of autocracies ➔ Dictatorship ➔ Monarchy Dictatorships ➔ In a dictatorship, one leader holds absolute power ➔ The leader typically gains power through force ➔ A dictator uses propaganda to get public support
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