6.pdf - Basic Elements of Organizing The Elements of Organizing 1 Basic Elements of Organizing 2 3 4 1 ORGANIZING ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE JOB DESIGN JOB

6.pdf - Basic Elements of Organizing The Elements of...

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Basic Elements of Organizing The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing ORGANIZING JOB DESIGN ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE 1 2 3 4 JOB SPECIALIZATION The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing ORGANIZING 1 Organizing is deciding how best to group organizational elements. Just as children select different kinds of building blocks, managers can choose a variety of structural possibilities. And just as the children can assemble the blocks in any number of ways, so, too, can managers put the organization together in many different ways. The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing 2 Organization Structure is the set of elements that can be used to configure an organization. ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE
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The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing 3 Job design is the determination of an individual’s work-related responsibilities. The natural starting point for designing jobs is determining the level of desired specialization. JOB DESIGN The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing 4 Job specialization is the degree to which the overall task of the organization is broken down and divided into smaller component parts. Job specialization evolved from the concept of division of labor. JOB SPECIALIZATION The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing 4 Adam Smith, an 18th century economist, first discussed division of labor in his case study about how a pin factory used it to improve productivity . He described how one man pulled the wire from a spool, another straightened it, a third cut it, a fourth ground the point, and so on. Smith claimed that ten men working in this fashion were able to produce 48,000 pins in a day, whereas each man working alone could produce only 20 pins per day. JOB SPECIALIZATION The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing 4 The first examples of the impact of specialization came from the automobile assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford and his contemporaries. Mass-production capabilities stem- ming from job specialization techniques have had a profound impact throughout the world. During the twentieth century, high levels of low-cost production transformed U.S. society into one of the strongest economies in the history of the world. JOB SPECIALIZATION
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The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing 4 Job specialization in its purest form is simply a normal extension of organizational growth . For example, when Walt Disney started his company, he did everything him- self— wrote cartoons, drew them, added character voices, and then marketed them to theaters. As the business grew, though, he eventually hired others to perform many of these same functions. As growth continued, so, too, did specialization. JOB SPECIALIZATION The Elements of Organizing Basic Elements of Organizing Workers performing small, simple tasks will become very proficient at each task.
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  • Winter '16
  • Fred R. David
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