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Question 1 1 out of 1 pointsA 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the:Selected Answer:c. Respiratory tractCorrect Answer: c. Respiratory tract Question 2 1 out of 1 pointsWhen a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the:Selected Answer:b. Renal pelvisCorrect Answer: b. Renal pelvis Question 3 1 out of 1 pointsWhen the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurseuse?Selected Answer:b. Macula densaCorrect Answer: b. Macula densa Question 4 1 out of 1 pointsA 45-year-old female presents with hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, and anemia. She is diagnosed with chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what caused this anemia, how should
the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by:Selected Answer:b. Inadequate production of erythropoietinCorrect Answer: b. Inadequate production of erythropoietin Question 5 1 out of 1 pointsA 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded:Selected Answer:d.IVCorrect Answer: d.IV Question 6 1 out of 1 pointsA 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by:Selected Answer:c. Inadequate renal blood flowCorrect Answer: c. Inadequate renal blood flow Question 7 1 out of 1 pointsA 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond?Selected Answer:a.
Poststreptococcal infectionCorrect Answer: a. Poststreptococcal infection Question 8 1 out of 1 pointsA 60-year-old male is diagnosed with renal failure. While the nurse is reviewing lab results, which of the following lab values would be most consistent with this diagnosis?Selected Answer:a. Elevated plasma creatinine levelCorrect Answer: a. Elevated plasma creatinine level Question 9 1 out of 1 pointsA urologist is discussing a structure that supplies blood to the medulla. What is the urologist describing?Selected Answer:a. Renal arteriesCorrect Answer: a. Renal arteries Question 10 1 out of 1 pointsWhen a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct activation of:Selected Answer:a.