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FINAL PSYCH EXAM REVIEW Treatment of Psychological Disorders -Clients: Who seeks therapy?: greatest diversity is seen among clients; about 15% of US population use mental health services in a given year; client does not necessarily have an identifiable psychological disorder (almost half do not). Some seek help for every problems (career decisions,etc) or vague feelings of discontent. Women are more likely to receive therapy, and people with medical insurance and higher education levels. Many people who need therapy don’t receive it, due to lack of health insurance/cost concerns/unwilling to admit personal weakness. - General characteristics of therapy: MOST important thing is honesty between client and patient; pride has to go out the window in therapy; if therapists respect their clients they will trust them; empathy & compassion, understanding, brain & heart, intentionality -General characteristics of therapists: help people with all kinds of problems; most therapists are NOT psychiatrists; many therapists make little or no use of Freudian techniques; some rely on “talk therapy”; most therapists are trying to heal themselves -Clinical and counseling psychologists: specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems. (clinical psychologists training emphasizes treatment of full fledged disorders, and counseling psychologists training is slanted toward treatment of everyday adjustment problems in normal people) -Psychiatrists: physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders. In comparison to psychologists, psychiatrists devote more time to relatively severe disorders, and less time to everyday marital, family, job, and school problems. Psychiatrists have an MD degree, and increasingly emphasize drug therapies in their treatment efforts. -Eastern philosophy and psychotherapy: - “watching the thinker”: witness consciousness; start listening to the voice in your head as often as you can, and pay particular attention to any repetitive thought patterns that have been playing in your head, perhaps for many years. Listen to the voice in your head; be there as the witnessing presence. -“enlightenment”: rising above thought; it is simply your natural state of felt oneness with Being. It is finding your true nature beyond name and form. Buddha defined it as “the end of suffering.” -“the fictitious self”: -“stopping the mental chatter”: -insight: -insight therapies: involve verbal interactions intended to enhance clients’ self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior. -Sigmund Freud: psychotherapist that developed innovative techniques for the treatment of psychological disorders and distress through a painstaking trial/error process. His system of psychoanalysis dominated psychiatry for many decades. Freud believed that neurotic problems are caused by unconscious conflicts left over from early childhood. He thought that people depend on defense mechanisms to avoid confronting these conflicts,
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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