100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 9 pages.
Criminal Justice Section StandardsSpeedy TrialSpeedy TrialPART I.GENERAL PRINCIPLESStandard 12-1.1 Purposes of the Standards on Speedy Trial andTimely Resolution of Criminal Cases(a) The Standards on Speedy Trial and Timely Resolution of Criminal Cases have three main purposes: (1) to effectuate the right of the accused to a speedy trial; (2) to further the interests of the public, including victims and witnesses, in the fair, accurate, and timely resolution of criminal cases; and (3) toensure the effective utilization of resources.(b) These standards should be read in conjunction with other ABA Standards of Criminal Justice, and with recognition that fairness and accuracy are essential components of the criminal justice process. The standards are not intended to emphasize speedy disposition of cases to the detriment of the interests of the parties and the public, including victims and witnesses, in the fair, accurate and timely resolution of cases. In implementing these standards in individual cases and in developing policies for overall management of caseloads, jurisdictions should seek to ensure that both prosecutors and defense counsel have adequate opportunity to investigate their cases, consult with witnesses, review documents, make appropriate motions, and conduct other essential aspects of case preparation.Return to this Standard's Table of ContentsReturn to listing of Criminal Justice StandardsStandard 12-1.2 Importance of establishing both speedy trial rules and standards fortimely resolution of criminal cases(a) The right of an accused to a speedy trial is fundamental. It should be effectuated and protected by rule or statute that:(i) sets specific limits on the time within which either the defendant must be brought to trial or the case must be resolved through a non-trial disposition;(ii) provides guidelines for computing the time within which the trial must be commenced or the case otherwise resolved; and(iii) establishes appropriate consequences in the event that the accused’s right to a speedy trial is denied.(b) The public, including victims and witnesses has an interest in the timely resolution of criminal cases. From the commencement of a criminal case to its conclusion, any elapsed time other than reasonably needed for preparation and court events should be minimized. The public’s interest should be expressed in formally adopted policies and standards that:(i) establish goals for the timely resolution of criminal cases from commencement to disposition and forspecific stages, taking into account the seriousness and complexity of different types of cases;(ii) require monitoring of the performance of the courts and other organizational entities with respect to the goals; and(iii) provide for public dissemination of data concerning organizational performance in relation to the goals.