Bone SG - Bone Study Guide Two different ways we think of...

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Bone Study Guide Two different ways we think of bone are: -component of the skeleton -connective tissue (hard) Two types of skeletal systems are: -exoskeleton -endoskeleton Definitions: Osteology-  the study of bones Chondrology-  the study of cartilage Odontology-  the study of teeth Arthrology-  the study of joints Endoskeleton:  is within the body, embedded in muscle Functions: - Support - Contour (shape and size) - Lever (attatchment of muscles, tendons, ligaments) - Locomotion Divisions: - Axial skeleton (bones of skull, vertebra, ribs and sternum) - Appendicular skeleton (appendages(limbs), thoracic and pelvic limbs - Heterotrophic bones (splanchnic or visceral bones) - Examples of heterotrophic bones o os rostrale (snout of pig) o ossa cordis (in heart of cattle, sheep, goats) o os phrenic (diaphragm of camels) o ossa penis (in penis of dogs, cats, rodents) o scleral rings (eyes of birds) Morphological divisions of bone:
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course ANSCI 214 taught by Professor Brant during the Fall '07 term at Iowa State.

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Bone SG - Bone Study Guide Two different ways we think of...

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