Student Learning ObjectivesTo introduce students to the overarching principles of:1.Evolution: All living organisms share a common ancestor. Species evolve over time, and new species can arise, when allele frequencies change due to mutation, natural selection, gene flow, and genetic drift.2.Information Flow: Organisms inherit genetic and epigenetic information that influences the location, timing, and intensity of gene expression. Cells/organs/organisms have multiple mechanisms to perceive and respond to changing environmental conditions. 3.Structure Function Relationships: Biological structures exist at all levels of organization, from molecules to ecosystems. A structure's physical and chemical characteristics influence its interactions with other structures, and therefore its function. Natural selection leads to the evolution of structures that tend to increase fitness within the context of evolutionary, developmental, and environmental constraints.4.Transformations of Energy and Matter: Energy and matter cannot be created or destroyed, but can be changed from one form to another. Energy captured by primary producers is necessary to support the maintenance, growth and reproduction of all organisms. Natural selection leads to the evolution of eﬃcient use of resources within constraints.5.Biological Systems:Biological molecules, genes, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, and ecosystems interact to form complex networks. A change in one component of the network can affect many other components. Organisms have complex systems that integrate internal and external information, incorporate feedback control, and allow them to respond to changes in the environment.To improve student ability in the core competencies applied to the art and practice of biology: Applying the process of science, using quantitative reasoning, using modeling and simulation, tapping into the interdisciplinary nature of science, communicating and collaborating with other disciplines, and understanding the relationship between science and society.Because this course is a designated Scientific Methodologies course in the Explorations curriculum, you should also be able to: •use the scientific method to address fundamental questions in cell and molecular biology •define a problem and clearly communicate an appropriate rationale for investigation •develop testable hypotheses and design experiments to test these hypotheses by employing laboratory techniques common in cell and molecular biology •collect and analyze quantitative and qualitative data and draw appropriate conclusions •communicate effectively with the scientific community by writing a scientific research paper, based on research in the library integrated with research in the laboratory.