Spanish Notes Begin (11_9).docx - 11\/9 In spanish if you say that you THINK something will happen it is a statement of fact Use the subjunctive for

Spanish Notes Begin (11_9).docx - 11/9 In spanish if you...

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11/9 In spanish, if you say that you THINK something will happen, it is a statement of fact Use the subjunctive for instances when it is unsure of the outcome of a situation Pensar: to plan Pensar de: what do you think Yo pienso comer en la cafetería I plan to eat in the cafeteria En que piensas? What are you thinking about? Pienso en mi familia. I’m thinking about my family When thinking about DOING something, use the infinitive Pienso en llamar mi amigo. I’m thinking about calling my friend ?Que piensas de _____? What is your opinion on _____ Pienso que _____. I think that ______. To create a reflexive statement, the subject, the verb, and the pronoun must agree (Yo) Voy a levantarME tarde I am going to get up late Me voy a levantar tarde I am going to get up late ?A que hora van a acostarse Uds.? What time are you going to bed? Nosotros vamos a acostarnos temprano. We are going to bed early Tener que Tengo que despertarme temprano Pronoun must agree with the subject just like reflexive Me gusta levantarME tarde. I like to get up early The ‘Me’ before ‘gusta’ doesn’t count as a pronoun, so another me must be used in this situation Prepositions Con Por Para De Sin After a preposition, if there is an action, the infinitive form of the verb must be used Después de levantarme, me ducho. After getting up, I shower Hace + time + que is kind of a way to express the past Hace cuarenta años que enseño español I have been teaching spanish for forty years. HOW OLD ARE YOU?!? Hace + time + que + the present tense Something that began in the past but continues to the present
?Cuánto tiempo hace que (activity)? Hace (time) que (activity). 11/12 In Hispanic cultures, many people choose to take both of their parents names Using the father’s surname first and the mother’s surname last When a woman marries, she keeps her name, but adds ‘de [husband’s name]’ Maria Elena Martinez Gutierrez de Palacios Only marriages through the church are considered legal, and marriages not taken through the church are not considered final. Children born to legally married adults are not considered legal by the church and often do not receive their parts of estates

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