Running head: KEY CONCEPTS IN THE NURSING PROFESSION 1 Professional Roles and Values Kellie Haws C 304 Task #1 11/5/2018 WGU A. Professional Nursing Practice
KEY CONCEPTS IN THE NURSING PROFESSION 2 Nursing Theory: Need Theory by Virginia Henderson Virginia Anderson developed the Need Nursing theory from her education and practice. Her theory focused on the basic needs of her patients, and evolved in to the importance of increasing patient independence. How can we as primary care nurses assess our patient’s needs and help transition them to home. The theory included three assumptions. The first assumption states that a nurses should care for a patient until the patients can care for themselves. The second theory discusses how nurses should be educated at the college level in order to have right skills to perform the work. The last assumption from the need theory states that nurses should be devoted to help the patients at all times both during the day and at night (Cherry and Jacobs, 2016). The theory above encompasses excellent nursing practices. This theory reaffirms the need for nurses to look beyond just caring for an illness. We should set a goal for our patient to function independently. By providing them real time instruction and the opportunity to demonstrate cares throughout their hospitalization, we will ensure we have met their individual needs and prepared them for discharge. This theory also confirms the importance of practitioners to be educated in both art and sciences. Keeping the body clean and well groomed, play or participate in various activities, sleep and rest are just a few examples of the fourteen components that Henderson discussed in her theory (Cherry and Jacobs, 2016). A1. Excellent Nursing Practices One way I demonstrate the Need Theory in my professional practice is by teaching my patient or their parents to being independent while performing their cares. For example, when I am taking care of a new onset diabetic, I teach and demonstrate how to do basic tasks in a language they understand. I also show them how to do these tasks step by step. Once I explain
KEY CONCEPTS IN THE NURSING PROFESSION 3 and demonstrate how to check the patient’s blood sugar, I can ask them to do the same thing the next time we need to check his blood sugar. This will allow me the opportunity to assess the patient and parents verbal and nonverbal cues. I can continue to reassess and reinforce teaching and demonstration of cares to make sure they continue to feel more comfortable performing blood glucose checks, drawing up insulin and giving shots. Anticipating discharge needs from the beginning of admission will provide a family with the knowledge and tools to feel prepared to go home. We can ensure the necessary resources are in place for a smooth transition to home (Cherry and Jacobs 2016).
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- Fall '15
- Nursing, Ana, Jacobs, Cherry, Nursing Profession, nursing supervisor