World War I, Peace Settlements, Consequences

World War I, Peace Settlements, Consequences - Ludendorff...

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World War I, Peace Settlements, Consequences
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Modernity as Backdrop Modernism in the arts means experimentation and rejection of the old Modernity in social terms means change, fluidity, disruption, and also utopian dreams Salvation – a possible way to cure social ills through political movements and modern technology
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Wassily Kandinsky, Improvisation 7, 1910
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Civilized and Primitive European (Western) civilization seen as pinnacle of development Set against image of primitive native Yet modernity also draws on primitive styles as a way to express breaking away from formal conventions – both artistic, social, and moral
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Paul Gauguin, Spirit of the Dead Watching the Living, 1892
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Initial enthusiasm for war
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Suspension of Politics Burgfrieden , Union sacrée – politics end and trade unions agree to war (except Karl Liebknecht in Germany)
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Total War Absolute mobilization: technology, warfare, civilians, propaganda, economies Total control Germany: Military High Command
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Unformatted text preview: Ludendorff and Hindenburg New identities Home front; battlefront Generations Comrades in arms Casualties and Losses Struggle to End the War Russian Revolution and Treaty of Brest-Litovsk different messages Habsburgs sue for peace German Reichstag 1917 desire for peace of understanding and permanent reconciliation of all peoples Woodrow Wilsons 14 points and a peace without victory Wilsons 14 Points http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1918w German militarys secret peace New offensives of 1918 Renewed revolt; mutiny in Kiel October 1918 creation of civilian government under Max of Baden Stab in the Back legend Armistice and end November 11 1918 guns fall silent Peace settlements take place during time of revolution Victors in Paris Those left behind Intellectual/social reactions to war...
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World War I, Peace Settlements, Consequences - Ludendorff...

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