Sociology 1101 Concept List/Outline Exam #2I.Social Class: The Structure of Inequality (chapter 7)a.Social Stratificationi.Systems of stratification: Division of society into groups that are arranged in a social hierarchy based on age gender class race etc…1. Slavery: most severe system. regulates people as property, mainly for the purpose of providing labor for slave owner. Have noresources or mobility. Women & kids, kidnapped, soldiers taken bywinning side, and if you owe someone money ways to become slaves.2. Caste: born into this by family and don’t move around. based onheredity and born into. Castes differentiate based on religious, economic, or political lines, skin color & other physical characteristics. Highly stratified society where there is little or no chance of person changing class 3.Social Class: born into it but you can move and change. Systembased access to resources like wealth, power, and prestige (knowing the right people).i.Intersectionality: age, gender, title. We don’t live single issue lives. You can just look at something as an isolated problem. There are multiple partsof who we are. ii.Open/Closed systems: open you can move… closed you cannot move through classesiii.Ideology of the American Dream1.Meritocracy: those who work hard will get it and be rewarded. and those who are poor “deserve it” (saying the poor didn’t work hard).b.Social Classes in the US (characteristics of the classes)i.Upper class: 1% of US population, elite group that possesses most of the country’s wealth. Members remain stable & few gain entry.ii.Upper middle class: professions like doctor, lawyer, CEO about 14% of US population. Tend to be highly educated & skilled. Primarily executive, managerial & professional jobsiii.Middle class: jobs like accountant, teacher 30% of US population, shrinking due to economic recession, housing market crash & high unemployment. Around 70k annually, primarily white color workers, skilled laborers, small entrepreneurs.iv.Working class: (lower-middle) 30% of population, high school education & generally work in manual labor & blue collar jobs (retail, restaurant, tourism)v.Working poor: 13% of population, typically uneducated & most haven’t completed high school & lack work skills. Typical jobs include minimum wage jobs, housekeeping, landscaping. High rate of unemployment.