2-Schizophrenia.pdf - 23.02.2016 PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS SCHIZOPHRENIA \/Psychology Department Assist.Prof Sine Egeci Spring-2016 PSYCHOSIS Psychosis is a

2-Schizophrenia.pdf - 23.02.2016 PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS...

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23.02.2016 1 PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS BahcesehirUniversity/Psychology Department Assist.Prof. Sine Egeci Spring-2016 SCHIZOPHRENIA PSYCHOSIS Psychosis is a state defined by a loss of contact with reality The ability to perceive and respond to the environment is significantly disturbed; functioning is impaired Symptoms may include Hallucinations => False sensory perceptions and/or Delusions => False beliefs Psychosis could also be substance-induced or caused by brain injury Symptoms can be grouped into three categories: Positive symptoms Adds something… Behavioral excesses Negative symptoms Subtracts something Behavioral deficits Psychomotor symptoms Schizophrenia: Symptoms
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23.02.2016 2 These “pathological excesses” are bizarre additions to a person’s behavior Positive symptoms include: Delusions faulty interpretations of reality Delusions may have a variety of bizarre content: Types of delusions Delusions of persecution Delusions of reference Delusions of grandeur Delusions of control Schizophrenia: Positive Symptoms Persecution _ believing that s/he will be harmed by others Paranoid delusions, people are ‘out to get’ you Reference _ attaching special & personal meaning to the actions of others/to various objects/events On weather forecast, it’s been told that tomorrow will rain. It’s a sign for me, telling that I will have a ‘stormy day’ tomorrow Grandeur _ believing to be a very unique-special person, having special powers or abilities The next king of the world, ‘the chosen one’ Control _ believing that feelings, thoughts, and actions are being controlled by other people Schizophrenia: Positive Symptoms
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23.02.2016 3 Positive symptoms include: Hallucinations – faulty sensory perceptions Most common are auditory Generally involve a running commentary and/or accusations Spoken directly to or overheard by the hallucinator Hallucinations can involve any of the other senses: tactile (touch), visual, gustatory (taste), or olfactory (smelling) Schizophrenia: Positive Symptoms Disorganized Speech : Problems in organizing ideas and in speaking so that a listener can understand = disordered thinking and speech Loose associations (derailment) : a pattern of speech in which a person’s ideas slip from track to track with no apparent connection The problem is insects. My brother used to collect insects. He s now a man 5 foot 10 inches. You know, 10 is my favorite number; I also like to dance, draw, and watch TV. Schizophrenia: Positive Symptoms Neologisms : This desk is a cramstile ; He s an easterhorned head Clang (Rhyme) : How are you? Well, hell, it s well to tell How s the weather? So hot, you know it runs on a cot Perseveration Repeating same words, phrases again & again Schizophrenia: Positive Symptoms
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23.02.2016 4 Heightened perceptions People may feel that their senses are being flooded by
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