1-Suicide.pdf - 10.02.2017 SUICIDE \/Psychology Department Assist.Prof Sine Egeci Suicide Suicide is a leading cause of death in the world There are

1-Suicide.pdf - 10.02.2017 SUICIDE /Psychology Department...

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10.02.2017 1 SUICIDE BahcesehirUniversity/Psychology Department Assist.Prof. Sine Egeci Suicide Suicide is a leading cause of death in the world There are about 700,000 people who die from it each year, More than 25,000 suicides per year in TR alone (according to Turkish Psychiatrist Association) Many more unsuccessfully attempt suicide than actually succeed Such attempts are called parasuicides It is difficult to obtain accurate figures on suicide rates, and many investigators believe that estimates are often low Many accidents may be intentional deaths Since suicide is not an ‘approved act’ in our society, relatives and friends often refuse to acknowledge that loved ones have taken their own lives Suicide Suicide is not classified as a mental disorder in the DSM- IV-TR While suicide is often linked to depression, about half of all suicides result from other mental disorders or involve no clear mental disorder at all But as psychologists you have to understand the definition and causes of suicide!
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10.02.2017 2 Definition Shneidman: Intentioned death – a self-inflicted death in which one makes an intentional, direct, and conscious effort to end one s life He characterizes four kinds of suicide seekers… Death seekers – clearly intend to end their lives Death initiators – intend to end their lives because they believe that the process of death is already underway Death ignorers – do not believe that their self-inflicted death will mean the end of their existence Death darers – have ambivalent feelings about death and show this in the act itself Definition Shneidman: Unintentioned death – When individuals play indirect, hidden, partial, or unconscious roles in their own deaths In a related work, Menninger distinguished a category called Chronic suicide Choosing self-destructive life-style Research Importance of studying suicide: To prevent it! Suicide researchers face a major obstacle: their subjects are no longer alive Researchers use two different strategies to try to overcome this obstacle (with partial success): Retrospective analysis – a kind of psychological autopsy Studying people who survive their suicide attempts
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10.02.2017 3 Research_ Patterns & Statistics Social Context : Researchers have gathered statistics regarding the social contexts in which suicides take place Suicide rates vary from country to country, with religious devoutness (not simply affiliation) helping to explain some of the difference Research_ Patterns & Statistics Gender : The suicide rates of men and women also differ: Women have a higher attempt rate (3x men) Men have a higher completion rate (3x women) Why? Different methods have differing lethality Men tend to use more violent methods (shooting, stabbing, or hanging) than women (drug overdose) Research_ Patterns & Statistics Social environment and marital status One study found that half of the subjects who had committed suicide were found to have no close friends => Lack of social belonging?
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