Hist101 - FINAL.docx - QUESTION 1 3 Describe and explain Bacon's Rebellion There always is a struggle between the American people and unelected

Hist101 - FINAL.docx - QUESTION 1 3 Describe and explain...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages.

QUESTION 1:3. Describe and explain Bacon's Rebellion?There always is a struggle between the American people and unelected officials. During the 1670s the Governor of Virginia was Sir William Berkeley. Sir Berkeley was quickly growing out of favor with the small farmers and frontiersmen for several reasons. The townspeople felt that the Governor was lacking protection for them from attacks from the Natives, there were restrictions on their rights to vote, tax increases, low tobacco prices, and the people also felt thathe was too submissive to the aristocratic minority. The Jamestown Colony was rapidly expanding, and this left the Colonists to expand into Native territory. This lead to a series of deadly clashes between the Colonists and the Natives of the area. The townspeople felt that theGovernor was on the wrong side of the argument and the he no longer held their best interests.In 1673 a gentleman named Nathaniel Bacon immigrated into the colony from England. Bacon was sent to America by his father, in England he was a schemer and a notorious troublemaker. He was a cousin to Berkeley through marriage. Upon arrival to America he set up a small plantation along the James River. He voiced loud opposition to Berkley’s handling of the clashing between the Natives and the Colonists. The opposition of his distant cousin quickly rose him into a position of esteem amongst the colonists, and was even appointed a seat to the governor's council.While Berkeley was adamant about seeking peace and maintaining friendship between the Natives and the Colonists, others specifically Bacon, refused to listen. In 1676 Bacon, on separate occasions, established small militias to take arms up against the Indians. Bacon’s decisions to take matters into his own hands caused a backlash from Berkeley causing him to lose his council seat. Berkeley declared that Bacon was a rebel, this seemingly only increased his favor among the locals. Townspeople and farmers sympathetic towards his campaigns against the Indians elected him into the house of Burgesses. Bacon had managed to gain complete control of Jamestown, and held it for quite a while. Berkeley waited and rebuilt waiting for the perfect opportunity to retake his position. When he was finally able to recapture his town on September 19, 1676, Bacon responded by burning Jamestown to the ground. His extreme response provedto be too much for his followers as he then had difficulty controlling his men and maintaining popular opinion amongst the town. In October of 1676, Bacon suddenly passed away. His sudden death ended his reign and control of the town and the rebellion, as well as his followers, stopped as immediately as hisdeath. Berkeley set out to regain complete control and ended up hanging a total of twenty-three people and reclaim all the land that the rebels claimed for themselves. When reports of the

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture