QuizletSG.docx - Human A&P Study Guide from Quizlet(Great...

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Human A&P Study Guide from Quizlet (Great study guide for Kaplan nursing entrance exam) What is the function of the respiratory system? to supply the body with oxygen and to dispose of carbon dioxide There are two zones of the respiration: respiratory and conducting What does the respiratory include? small bronchioles, terminal bronchiole and alveoli What does surfactant do? reduces surface tension, to prevent water found on the surface of the alveoli from collapsing the alveoli What does the conducting zone include? all other respiratory passages Four process of respiration? pulmonary ventilation, external respiration transport of gases and internal respiration (exchange between blood and tissue) What is hyperventilation? A greater-than-normal rate of breathing, resulting in an abnormal loss of carbon dioxide from the blood. What is hypoventilation? abnormal reduction in oxygen or carbon monoxide levels What does COPD mean?
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