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Critical Thinking #11. For each of the headlines listed, what is the proposed causal relationship?Remember –correlation does not prove causation!You learned this in your text. Do these proposed causalrelationships seem likely? Why or why not?Please fully explain.(200 word minimum total wordcount;8 points)By reading chapter one of my psychology book, I am aware that none of these causalrelationships listed are likely. The first causal relationship listed, “Sugar Rush... to Prison? StudySays Lots of Candy Could Lead to Violence”, is an incorrect assumption because there is a verylow chance that eating candy by itself could cause violence. When someone is given a sugarytreat, they usually have a positive reaction. For instance, if a teacher asks a student a questionand the child answers it correctly, the teacher might reward this behavior with a piece of candy.Most often, the student rewarded with the candy will experience a sense of joy. The firstproposed relationship is representing the opposite reaction. Instead of experiencing joy, thecausal relationship listed suggests that the student will become angry or violent, which is false.The second relationship is, “Breast Implants Lower Cancer Risks but Boost Suicide.” Similar to thefirst relationship, this headline depicts getting breast implants as mentally harming. However,they usually have a positive impact on someone’s life. After getting implants, individuals arecommonly much happier, not sad or depressed. Yes, patients receiving this surgery could beunhappy with the result of the implants, however, it is very unlikely for that patient to commitsuicide because of it. The final headline, “Facebook Users Get Worse Grades in College”, is alsoan incorrect causal relationship. This relationship is false because an app, in most cases, couldnot affect the academic mind enough to make the student do poorly in classes. Facebook alonecannot alter a student’s academic skills that much, unless there is another factor involved. Forexample, if the student has some sort of personal issue that prevents them from doing well inschool, adding social media on top could cause more of an issue concerning class grades.However, Facebook alone is very unlikely to be the cause of a student failing classes.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Michelle Slattery
Tags
Psychology, Causality, Correlation does not imply causation

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