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•Manifest Destiny (*1840s and 1850s) The belief that the United States had a divine mission to extend its power and civilization across the breadth of North America.Into pacific,Mexico, cuba,central america(90s pacific+caribbean islands)nationalism,pop.increase,fast econ dev,tech adv,reform ideals.N vs it bcif Sslavery industrial technology After 1840, industrialization spread rapidly throughout most of the Northeast. New factories produced shoes, sewing machines, ready-to-wear clothing, firearms, precision tools, and iron products for railroads and other new products. Elias Howe The U.S. inventor of the sewing machine, which moved much of clothing production from homes to factories Samuel F. B. Morse In 1844, he invented the electric telegraph which allowed communication over longer distances. railroads In the 1840s and the 1850s, this industry expanded very quickly and would become America's largest industry. It required immense amounts of capital and labor and gave rise to complex business organizations. Local and state governments gave the industry tax breaks and special loans to finance growth. Panic of 1857 Financial crash which sharply lowered Midwest farmers prices and caused unemployment in the Northern cities. The South was not affected as much because cotton prices remained high. Great American Desert In the 1850s and 1860s, the arid area between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Coast, was known by this name. mountain men The first non-native people to open the Far West. These fur trappers and explorers included James Beckwourth, Jim Bridger, Kit Carson, and Jedediah Smith. Far West In the 1820s, the Rocky Mountains were known by this name. (p. 237) overland trails The wagon train trails that led from Missouri or Iowa to the west coast. They traveled only 15 miles per day and followed the river valleys through the Great Plains. Months later, the wagon trains would finally reach the foothills of the Rockies or face the hardships of the southwestern deserts. The final challenge was to reach the mountain passes before the first heavy snows. Disease was even a greater threat than Indian attack. mining frontier The discovery of gold in California in 1848 caused the first flood of newcomers to the West. A series of gold strikes and silver strikes in what became the states of Colorado, Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Arizona, and South Dakota kept a steady flow of hopeful young prospectors pushing into the West. gold rush California's population soared from 14,000 in 1848 to 380,000 in 1860, primarily because of this event. silver rusH The discovery of silver in Colorado, Nevada, the Black Hills of the Dakotas, and other western territories, created a mining boom. farming frontier In the 1830s and 1840s pioneer families moved west to start homesteads and begin farming. Government programs allowed settlers to purchase inexpensive parcels of land.
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  • Spring '17
  • Mary Radeke
  • The Land, New Mexico, Mexican–American War, Rio Grande, Republic of Texas

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