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Guided Reading & Analysis: Reconstruction, 1863-1877 chapter 15- Reconstruction pp 291-304 Guided Reading, pp 291-303 Intro: Reconstruction, 1863-1877, page 291 Read the Frederick Douglas quote and first two paragraphs of the chapter on page 291. 1. Summarize the 5 main questions facing the nation at the end of the Civil War. 1) How to secure civil rights for slaves, who even though they were free had no civil rights like whites 2) How to reconstruct the south after the war left its economy in despair? 3) To what extent was the federal government responsible for helping freed slaves adjust to freedom? 4) Should the former states of the confederacy be treated as if they had never really left the union or as conquered territory subject to continued military occupation where they are not fully accepted at Kalico partners in the union? 5) Who had authority to decide these questions of reconstruction; the president or Congress?
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2. What economic sectional conflicts remained in 1865? 1)Northerners wanted… To continue the economic progress begun during the war 2)Southerners wanted… cheap labor force to work it’s plantations 3. Why did the federal government focus more on political change in Reconstruction than economic assistance to freemen and aid for infrastructure in the devastated South (where most battles were fought)? #AmericanIdentity! At the end of May 1865, President Andrew Johnson announced his plans for Reconstruction, which reflected both his staunch Unionism and his firm belief in states’ rights. In Johnson’s view, the southern states had never given up their right to govern themselves, and the federal government had no right to determine voting requirements or other questions at the state level. Under Johnson’s Presidential Reconstruction, all land that had been confiscated by the Union Army and distributed to the freed slaves by the army or the Freedmen’s Bureau reverted to its prewar owners. Apart from being required to uphold the abolition of slavery ,, swear loyalty to the Union and pay off war debt, southern state governments were given free reign to rebuild themselves. Reconstruction Plans of Lincoln and Johnson pp 292-294 REMEMBER… As you read the chapter, jot down your notes in the middle column. Consider your notes to be elaborations on the Objectives and Main Ideas presented in the left column and in the subtitles of the text. INCLUDE IN YOUR NOTES ALL SIGNIFICANT VOCABULARY AND PEOPLE. After read and take notes, thoughtfull y, analyze what you read by answering the questions in the right column. Remember this step is essential to your processing of information. Completing this guide thoughtfully will increase your retention as well as your comprehension ! 4. How did Lincoln address the questions you summarized on page 1 of this guide?
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  • Spring '17
  • Mary Radeke
  • American Civil War, Reconstruction era of the United States, President Andrew Johnson

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