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Guided Reading & Analysis: The Civil War, 1861-1865 chapter 14- Civil War pp 268-283 Guided Reading, pp 268-282 Intro: The Civil War, 1861-1865 page 268 Read the William Tecumseh Sherman quote and first paragraph of the chapter on page 268. 1. List and explain the four main ways the civil war impacted the nation. 1) We identify ourselves as Democrats and Republicans which before 1854 might have been free soilers or a whig 2)We now hold certain rights to be sacred including the 13th,14th,15th amendment 3)We prize America as the land of opportunities due to how open it is to improvement 4)We begin every summer with a tribute to the fallen soldiers in this civil war 2. Which effect of war do you view as the most significant? Explain your reasoning. The most important effect was the centralization of government. Before the Civil War, the governments of the states were preeminent, the economy operated without much government regulation, and banking was decentralized. After the Civil War, the Civil War amendments 13, 14, and 15 extended the reach of the federal government into the states .The 14th amendment was interpreted so that it not only applied to the states, but all the other provisions of the
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constitution especially the Bill of Rights applied as well. During the Civil War, the federal government took control of the money supply, and began the practice of crony capitalism, subsidizing railroads. The Civil War ended with the federal government commanding a huge standing army, which it sent west to drive Native Americans out of the way of white settlers. During the Civil War, there was also an income tax. After the Civil War, the Republican party began to dominate, which was devoted to statist mechanisms in public works, public education, tariffs, national control of local politics. The Democratic Party fell in line in the election of 1896. So out of the Civil War, we see the basic elements of Leviathan government: Centralized government, which begins to control the economy; centralized banking; standing army; government subsidies to private interests; increased taxation, and national control of party politics. The War Begins pp 268-271 REMEMBER… As you read the chapter, jot down your notes in the middle column. Consider your notes to be elaborations on the Objectives and Main Ideas presented in the left column and in the subtitles of the text. INCLUDE IN YOUR NOTES ALL SIGNIFICANT VOCABULARY AND PEOPLE. After read and take notes, thoughtfull y, analyze what you read by answering the questions in the right column. Remember this step is essential to your processing of information. Completing this guide thoughtfully will increase your retention as well as your comprehension ! 3. Abraham Lincoln is revered at one of the best Presidents in history by many historians; however there are those who see him as a tyrant who abused his power. Support or refute the assertion that he was a tyrant who violated the Constitution and individuals’ rights as outlined in the Bill of Rights.
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