Ancient GreeceFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThe Parthenon, a temple dedicated toAthena, located on the Acropolisin Athens, is one of the most representative symbols of the culture and sophistication of the ancient Greeks.This article is part of aserieson theHistory ofGreeceGreek Bronze Age[show]Ancient Greece[show]Medieval Greece[show]Modern Greece[show]
History by topic[show]Greece portalVTEAncient Greecewas a civilizationbelonging to a period of Greek historythat lasted from the Archaic periodof the 8thto 6th centuries BC to the end ofantiquity(ca. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Agesand the Byzantineera.Included in Ancient Greece is the period of Classical Greece, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Classical Greece began with the repelling of a Persian invasionby Athenianleadership. Because of conquests by Alexander the Great, Hellenistic civilizationflourished from Central Asiato the western end of the Mediterranean Sea.Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy, had a powerfulinfluence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of theMediterranean regionand Europe, for which reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of modern Western culture.Contents[hide]
1Chronology2Historiography3Historyo3.1Archaic periodo3.2Classical Greece3.2.15th century3.2.24th centuryo3.3Hellenistic Greeceo3.4Roman Greece4Geographyo4.1Regionso4.2Colonies5Politics and societyo5.1Political structureo5.2Government and lawo5.3Social structureo5.4Educationo5.5Economy
o5.6Warfare6Cultureo6.1Philosophyo6.2Literature and theatreo6.3Music and danceo6.4Science and technologyo6.5Art and architectureo6.6Religion and mythology7Legacy8See also9References10Further reading11External linksChronologyFurther information: Timeline of ancient GreeceThere are no fixed or universally agreed upon dates for the beginning or the end of Classical Antiquity. It is typically
taken to last from the 8th century BC until the 6th century AD, or for about 1,300 years.Classical Antiquity in Greece is preceded by the Greek Dark Ages(c. 1100 - c. 750 BC), archaeologicallycharacterised by the protogeometricand geometric styleof designs on pottery, succeeded by the Orientalizing Period, a strong influence of Syro-Hittite, Assyrian, Phoenicianand Egyptiancultures.Traditionally, the Archaic periodof ancient Greece is taken in the wake of this strong Orientalizing influence during the 8th century BC, which among other things brought the alphabetic scriptto Greece, marking the beginning of Greek literature (Homer, Hesiod). The Archaic period gives way to the Classical periodaround 500 BC, in turn succeeded by the Hellenistic periodat the death ofAlexander the Greatin 323 BC.