Ancient Greece.docx - Ancient Greece From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia The Parthenon a temple dedicated toAthena located on the Acropolis in Athens

Ancient Greece.docx - Ancient Greece From Wikipedia the...

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Ancient Greece From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Parthenon , a temple dedicated to Athena , located on the Acropolis in Athens , is one of the most representative symbols of the culture and sophistication of the ancient Greeks. This article is part of a series on the History of Greece Greek Bronze Age [show] Ancient Greece [show] Medieval Greece [show] Modern Greece [show]
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History by topic [show] Greece portal V T E Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (ca. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era. [1] Included in Ancient Greece is the period of Classical Greece , which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Classical Greece began with the repelling of a Persian invasion by Athenian leadership. Because of conquests by Alexander the Great , Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea . Classical Greek culture , especially philosophy, had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire , which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe , for which reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of modern Western culture . [2] [3] [4] [5] Contents [ hide ]
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1 Chronology 2 Historiography 3 History o 3.1 Archaic period o 3.2 Classical Greece 3.2.1 5th century 3.2.2 4th century o 3.3 Hellenistic Greece o 3.4 Roman Greece 4 Geography o 4.1 Regions o 4.2 Colonies 5 Politics and society o 5.1 Political structure o 5.2 Government and law o 5.3 Social structure o 5.4 Education o 5.5 Economy
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o 5.6 Warfare 6 Culture o 6.1 Philosophy o 6.2 Literature and theatre o 6.3 Music and dance o 6.4 Science and technology o 6.5 Art and architecture o 6.6 Religion and mythology 7 Legacy 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links Chronology Further information: Timeline of ancient Greece There are no fixed or universally agreed upon dates for the beginning or the end of Classical Antiquity . It is typically
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taken to last from the 8th century BC until the 6th century AD, or for about 1,300 years. Classical Antiquity in Greece is preceded by the Greek Dark Ages (c. 1100 - c. 750 BC), archaeologically characterised by the protogeometric and geometric style of designs on pottery, succeeded by the Orientalizing Period , a strong influence of Syro-Hittite , Assyrian , Phoenician and Egyptian cultures. Traditionally, the Archaic period of ancient Greece is taken in the wake of this strong Orientalizing influence during the 8th century BC, which among other things brought the alphabetic script to Greece, marking the beginning of Greek literature ( Homer , Hesiod ). The Archaic period gives way to the Classical period around 500 BC, in turn succeeded by the Hellenistic period at the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC.
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