AP Exam Study Guide (Teach).docx - Beginnings Passage to...

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Beginnings Passage to Alaska Archaic Period (9000 BCE – 1000 BCE) First sedentary communities Maize Revolution Mound Builders Europe Discovers America Columbus and Spain - Conquistadores Protestant Reformation Martin Luther and John Calvin Henry VIII (Anglican Church) Merchant class increases strength in England English Beginnings in America Elizabeth I 1585 Roanoke 1607 Jamestown Starving Time John Smith Tobacco indenturement vs. headright system House of Burgesses Bradford and Plymouth Colony Puritans vs. Separatists Mayflower Compact American Society in the Making Maryland Act of Toleration (Catholics) Winthrop and Massachusetts Bay City upon a hill Roger Williams / Anne Hutchinson Puritan work ethic Halfway Covenant The Carolinas 1712 split b/t Charles Town / Albemarle District Middle Colonies New York - Dutch settlement New Jersey - Berkeley and Carteret Pennsylvania William Penn Quakers Characteristics Economy Society Best Poor Man’s Country Southern Colonies Georgia James Oglethorpe Slavery and Aristocracy Plantation Similarities Institution of Slavery Mid 1600’s slavery firmly established Royal African Co. Stono Rebellion [Bacon’s Rebellion and the increasing pressure on Native Americans] America in the British Empire Mercantilism and the Navigation Acts Triangle Trade Trade and business stays within empire The Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards / George Whitefield Effects Breaking away from “old” church values Acceptance of diversity and religious toleration The Enlightenment John Locke / Benjamin Franklin Intellectual movement of philosophy and science Albany Plan The French & Indian War [Seven Years War] 1754 - 1763 Part of global € power struggle b/t ESP, FRA, GBR Increase in immigration causes westward movement increase in tension with Native Americans closer to French claims in N. America Dinwiddie and George Washington Path to Revolution Proclamation of 1763 - Dealing with expansion west issue Sugar Act - Tax colonists closer to rate of rest of the empire to help pay for the war Currency Act - Colonists must pay British merchants in specie Stamp Act Tax to help pay for protection of colonies No Taxation without representation Stamp Act Congress Declaratory Act - Britain asserting dominance after repeal of Stamp Act Townshend Duties Tea Act British East India Tea Company Boston Tea Party - Sons of Liberty Quartering Act Coercive / Intolerable Acts - Punished colonists for Tea Party Lexington and Concord - The beginnings of the Revolution The American Revolution Path to independence - Second Continental Congress Olive Branch Petition Declaration of Independence - Thomas Jefferson / Thomas Paine Common Sense Battles of the Revolution Bunker Hill

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