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Leo’s Distance but Caring relationship with His Mother In the early 1900s, growing up without a father could have been challenging for any child and the single parent as it is in some present day societies. When the single parent is a mother, it is highly challenging to raise that child. It requires a lot of work, patience, understanding, compassion and money. In Bachmann’s “The Barking”, the author focused on the relationship between Professor Leo and his old mother - Old Frau Jordan. Their relationship proves to be challenging at times. They both have flaws, virtues and troubling past that overshadows their present lives: “she often hesitated to talk about Leo’s childhood” (Bachmann 2341). Although Leo is busy with his life and work, he managed to have a good relationship with his mother and be involved in her life. In every aspect he is there for his mother, and his mother realized that, “Leo is just such a good son!” (Bachmann 2337) She is grateful that her son is there for her, takes care of her and helps her in her old age. For Leo, growing up without a father was extremely difficult too. He grew up differently, as a “complicated child, a strange boy” (Bachmann 2338). Leo’s behavior is easily understandable with a comprehension of the attachment theory. One of the patterns of attachment is the anxious resistant insecure attachment or ambivalent attachment whereby the child is a poor explorer in a strange situation and is regularly wary when around strangers (Perlmutter 113). This pattern of attachment is associated with children who are normally brought up in single parent families. A child depicting this pattern of attachment sees social situations as strange and his behavior chows clear disparity from that of other children. This form of behavior is eminent in Leo. The boy knew he was different and began to rebel. The author does not clearly state what exactly happened in his past and contributed to his difficult childhood, but it can be speculated.
His mother recalled an incident where Leo stole ten schillings, and when confronted he lied to her about it (Bachmann 2347). According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, the mind comprises of three entities namely id, ego and superego. The id entity consists of biological drives (instincts) namely Thanatos and Eros (McLeod 1). Eros, which Freud referred to as life instincts, are responsible for helping a person to survive as it guides life-sustaining activities. Eros highly applies to the life of Leo in various ways. Due to the difficult times he was going through as a young boy and his will to help

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