Dohlman 1 Trevor Dohlman Todd Mensink Social Problems 15 April 2018 Poverty of Children in America There are many problems in the world’s society today, many of which stem from the people from said society. One social problem that the whole world shares is poverty. Poverty is one of the major leading problems to illness and contributes to a large portion of deaths. It is safe to say, however, that the poverty rate in countries around the world are not all the same. In 2015, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an organization dedicated to promoting policies that are supposed to help better the well-being of people around the world, economic-wise and social-wise, created a graph showing the poverty rate percentage off all their country members, which is thirty-five. The graph showed that the United States, one of the 35 country members, had the third highest poverty rate, with a rate of 16.8% and Israel having the highest with a rate of 19.5%. These percentages were taken in 2015, mind you, and it’s been three years since then with the poverty rate in the United States increasing more and more. The poverty rate in America is a major issue that continues to grow, and children are being among the most affected by it. At the turn of the twenty-first century, Americas poverty rate was at a 11.3%, 2.2% lower than its rate in 1990. Unfortunately, in the coming years the poverty rate would begin to steadily rise more and more, eventually hitting a peak of 15.1% in 2010. After that the poverty rate has continued to fluctuate considerably, often causing a lot of confusion as to why it is doing what it
Dohlman 2 is. According to the book, scientists offer two definitions of poverty: absolute poverty and relative poverty. “Absolute poverty refers to a lack of necessities, such as food, shelter, and income” (Leon-Guerrero 34). Whereas absolute poverty refers to a lack of basic needs, “Relative poverty refers to a situation in which some people fail to achieve the average income of lifestyle enjoyed by the rest of society” (Leon-Guerrero 34). In technical terms, absolute poverty means that you are homeless and living in a box in an alleyway or somewhere, while relative poverty means you have a home, albeit most likely very small, you have a job, but are making very little money, usually an amount below the minimum wage line. Children in America are among the most that are affected in America. Growing Up Poor , an article I found on PowerSearch by a man with the name of Mike Powers, talks about what it’s like growing up in America as a child living in poverty and why and how children are among the most afflicted.