gilded_age_politics_notes.pdf - APUSH 1868-1890s GILDED AGE...

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12/7/15 1 APUSH REVIEWED! 1868-1890’s American Pageant (Kennedy)Chapter 23 American History (Brinkley) Chapters 15, 17, 19 America’s History (Henretta) Chapters 15, 17, 20 GILDED AGE POLITICS Civil War hero Ulysses S. Grant wins the Presidency for the Republican party in 1868 Temporary social and political revolution- black voters vote for Republican candidates Corruption during the Grant administration Credit Mobilier affair: VP & members of Congress involved in RR stock scandal Whiskey Ring : 1875-Private Secretary of Grant helped steal 3 million from the fed govt in a tax corruption scheme. Grantism ”- term used to describe corruption in politics President Grant (1868-1876) The Ultimate Symbol of Gilded Age Political Corruption: Boss Tweed Local Poli)cal corrup)on: Tammany Hall (Democra)c party poli,cal machine ) : Boss Tweed used bribery, gra>, and fraudulent elec)ons to steal over $200 million from NY taxpayers • Thomas Nast would expose this corrup)on to the masses
12/7/15 2 Severe economic collapse further distracts the nation from enforcing Reconstruction Causes: 1) Overproduction in industries such as factories, railroad, and mining. 2) Over speculation by bankers: too much money loaned out Hard times inflicted the worst

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