THE VIETNAM WAR, 1954-1975 Outline I. Characteristics of an Era Identify the key characteristics of The Vietnam War, 1954-1975 II. Causes of the Vietnam War Explain the causes of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War Causes Description Containment & Domino Theory Domino theory - President Eisenhower warned that if Vietnam fell to communism, other Southeast Asian countries would soon follow, just like dominoes toppling. “ 1. Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh led opposition to French rule as the French exploited Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) and restricted freedoms of the Vietnamese. 2. Using hit-and-run and ambush tactics, the Viet Minh inflicted rising casualties on the French forces and a lack of victories that made the war unpopular with the French public 2. To help fight the spread of communism (containment), the United States provided the French with massive economic and military support. Dien Bien Phu 1.The turning point in the Vietnamese-French war came in the mountain town of Dien Bien Phu. 2 By seizing the town, the French planned to cut the Viet Minh’s supply lines and force them into open battle. Soon afterward, a huge Vietminh force surrounded Dien Bien Phu and began bombarding the town. 3.On May 7, 1954, the French forces fell to the Vietminh. The defeat convinced the French to make peace and withdraw from Indochina Geneva Peace Agreement 1.The Geneva Accords was an agreement between the West and Communist nations to temporarily divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel a. The Communists and their leader, Ho Chi Minh, controlled North Vietnam from the capital of Hanoi. The anti- Communist nationalists controlled South Vietnam from the capital and southern port city of Saigon. b. An election to unify the country was called for in 1956. 2. Fearing a communist victory in the elections, South Vietnam’s president, Ngo Dinh Diem refused to take part in the countrywide election of 1956. a. The United States supported canceling elections and promised military aid and training to Diem in return for a stable reform government in the South. III. Major Events of Vietnam War Explain how the following events escalated U.S. involvement in Vietnam Events Description Gulf of Tonkin Incident 1.An incident in the Gulf of Tonkin would increase the U.S. military presence and direct military action in Vietnam 2. On August, 1964, LBJ announced that North Vietnamese patrol boats fired a torpedo at an American destroyer USS Maddox patrolling the Gulf of Tonkin off the North Vietnamese coast 3. Johnson asked Congress for powers to take “all necessary measures” to stop North Vietnam and the Vietcong 3. Congress approved his request and adopted the Tonkin Gulf Resolution on August 1
7 - which granted Johnson broad military powers in Vietnam.
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- Fall '17
- A. Martinez
- History, Vietnam War