Soc131-Lecture7 - Text Pages 66-79 Procedural Criminal Law...

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Text Pages 66-79 Procedural Criminal Law o Procedural law defines how the state must process cases.  o Procedural law is defined by courts through judicial rulings. Judges interpret the  provisions of the US constitution and state constitutions, and those  interpretations establish the procedures that government officials follow.  o Fourth Amendment:  bars unreasonable searches and seizures o Fifth Amendment:  protection against self incrimination and double jeopardy. o Self Incrimination:  The act of exposing oneself to prosecution by being  forced to respond to questions whose answers may reveal that one has  committed a crime.  o Double Jeopardy:  The subjecting of a person to prosecution more than  once in the same jurisdiction for the same offense.  o Barron v.   Baltimore (1833):  The protections of the Bill of Rights apply  only to actions of the federal government.  o Thirteenth Amendment:  Abolished slavery o Fifteenth Amendment:  Attempted to prohibit racial discrimination in voting.  o Fourteenth Amendment:  Ratified in 1868   barred states from violating  people’s right to due process of law.  o Powell v.   Alabama (1932):  An attorney must be provided to a poor  defendant facing the death penalty.  o Fundamental Fairness:  A legal doctrine supporting the idea that so long  as a state’s conduct maintains basic standards of fairness, the  Constitution has not been violated.  o Incorporation:  The extension of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth  Amendment to make binding on state governments the rights guaranteed in the  first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution (Bill of Rights). o
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course SOC 131 taught by Professor Shoemaker during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Soc131-Lecture7 - Text Pages 66-79 Procedural Criminal Law...

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