Generalist_Practice_-_Chapter_1

Generalist_Practice_-_Chapter_1 - Chapter 1 There are three...

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Chapter 1 There are three dimensions that most agree should be included in the definition of generalist practice; first, the definition should focus on the importance of multiple-level interventions (including those with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities). Second, the definition of generalist practice should involve a knowledge base carefully chosen from a range of theories. Third, it should maintain a focus “both on private issues and social justice concerns.” The Uniqueness of Social Work The purpose of social work is “to (1) enhance the problem solving and coping capacities of people, (2) link people with systems that provide them with resources, services, and opportunities, (3) promote the effective and humane operation of these systems, and (4) contribute to the development and improvement of social policy.” Five major dimensions that make Social Work unique: 1. Social workers may focus attention on any problem or cluster of problems, even those that are very complex and difficult. 2. Targeting the environment for change. Targets of change are not limited to individuals or families, sometimes, services are unavailable or difficult to obtain, social polices are unfair, or people are oppressed by other people. 3. Social workers often find the need to advocate for their clients. Advocacy involves actively intervening in order to help clients get what they need. 4. Emphasis of and adherence to a core of professional values. 5. The core of social work values and how important it is for clients to make their own decisions. Social workers do not track people into specific ways of thinking or acting, rather they practice in a partnership with clients, making and implementing plans together. Defining Generalist Practice The application of an eclectic knowledge base, professional values, and a wide range of skills to target systems of any size, for change within the context of four primary processes. First, generalist practice emphasizes client empowerment. Second it involves working effectively within an organizational structure and doing so under supervision. Third, it requires the assumption of a wide range of professional roles. Fourth, generalist practice involves the application of critical thinking to the planned change process. Systems Theory System: a set of elements that forms an orderly, interrelated, and functional whole. Assumes a broader perspective and can refer to inanimate, mechanical operations. Addresses boundaries of subsystems within a system, and the maintenance of homeostasis.
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Equifinality refers to the fact that there are many different means to the same end. In other words, there are many ways of viewing a problem and, thus, many potential means of solving it. A
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Generalist_Practice_-_Chapter_1 - Chapter 1 There are three...

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