Nationalism and Italy Immediately following the Congress of Vienna, nationalist groups such as the Carbonari began torally support for a fight against foreign presence in Italy. After failed revolutions in 1821 and 1830, however, it was clearthat these groups did not have the support or unity needed to overthrow the existing governments.After 1830, the nationalists turned to the leadership of Giuseppe Mazzini. Mazzini founded Young Italy, an organization devoted to the unification of Italy. Attempting to rouse Italian nationalism, Mazzini traveled throughout Italy to gain support for a revolution.In 1848 revolutions did break out all over Italy, but strong foreign forces subdued them. The state of Sardinia was the only one to adopt a more liberal constitution as a result of these revolutions. Although the revolutionsfailed, Mazzini had advanced the idea of a unified Italy and inspired nationalism in many Italians.Response PagePart 1: ChartUse Site 1 and 2 to complete the following chart.NameContributions to UnificationThe Organizer:1.What goals did he pursue in the Young Italy organization?2.How did "the organizer" contribute to the Italian unification movementThe Statesman:3.How did he use political alliances to remove the threat of Austria and promote the unification of Italy?4.How did the "the statesman" contribute to the Italian unification movement?The Fighter:5.Who were Garibaldi's Thousands (also called the "Red Shirts") and what pathdid they take to unite Italy?6.Why did "the fighter" of the Italian unification movement cede political leadership to King Victor Emmanuel?
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- Spring '17
- dr jim
- Biology, Giuseppe Garibaldi