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Running head: BENCHMARK - PICOT STATEMENT AND CRITIQUE FINAL1Benchmark - PICOT Statement and Critique FinalGrand Canyon UniversityIntro to Nursing ResearchNRS-433VNOctober 06, 2018
BENCHMARK - PICOT STATEMENT AND CRITIQUE FINAL2Intervention Programs for Falls PICOT StatementSpecific QuestionIn patients who are identified as a high risk for falls, how does hospital fall protocols/policies compared to no hospital fall protocols/policies decrease fall rates over a 30-day time frame?ProblemPatients identified as high risk for falls.InterventionHospital fall protocols/policies.ComparisonNo hospital fall protocols/policies.OutcomeDecrease fall rates.Time30 day time frame.Hospital falls are a complication that occur during hospitalization, where a patient is burdened with increased medical costs, lack of independence, prolonged hospital stays, which may have been prevented through evidence based practice (Quigley & White, 2013). Patients that are hospitalized are at greater risk for falls due to the injuries or illnesses that place them there (Tzeng & Yin, 2015). Not all falls are preventable but many are. A major concern in hospital units is fall related injuries (Tzeng & Yin, 2015). Falls cause an increase in needed resources and increased cost to both the patient and the hospital (Tzeng & Yin, 2015). The
BENCHMARK - PICOT STATEMENT AND CRITIQUE FINAL3purpose of this paper is to develop an answerable evidence based practice question using the PICOT statement and using relevant research articles to show how hospital fall protocols/policieshelp reduce falls for hospitalized patients.Research Article CritiqueResearch article critiques are important components of nursing research, as it allows for the collected information to be analyzed and examined to determine is importance on the evidence based practice is pertains to (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015). Using both qualitative and quantitative research, it gives a research study validity and credibility (Grove et al., 2015). The importance of validity and credibility in nursing research is because it’s used for evidence based practice and then applied to patients (Grove et al., 2015). Does patient engagement and hourly rounding reduce fall rates? Background of StudyQualitative“Hourly rounding has been identified as an effective falls reduction strategy in acute care settings” (Dyck, Thiele, Kebicz, Klassen, & Erenberg, 2013, para. 5).Hourly rounding must be purposeful, frequent, and the nursing or therapy staff must have accountability (Dyck et al., 2013). Many questions were asked during this trial, such as how did the staff feel that hourly rounding prevented falls, was toileting and or positioning a contributing factor to a fall, and whatfactors should be included in the hourly rounding to make it effective. These questions relate to the study because it could explain any contributing factors that could lead to a fall, which would aid in the prevention of such by giving an examinable means to be studied in the prevention of falls. This is important for nursing as it would reduce the amount of needed resources if falls are