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Running head: BENCHMARK - PICOT STATEMENT AND CRITIQUE FINAL1Benchmark - PICOT Statement and Critique FinalGrand Canyon UniversityIntro to Nursing ResearchNRS-433VNOctober 06, 2018
BENCHMARK - PICOT STATEMENT AND CRITIQUE FINAL2Intervention Programs for FallsPICOT StatementSpecific QuestionIn patients who are identified as a high risk for falls, how does hospital fallprotocols/policies compared to no hospital fall protocols/policies decrease fall rates over a 30-day time frame?ProblemPatients identified as high risk for falls.InterventionHospital fall protocols/policies.ComparisonNo hospital fall protocols/policies.OutcomeDecrease fall rates.Time30 day time frame.Hospital falls are a complication that occur during hospitalization, where a patient isburdened with increased medical costs, lack of independence, prolonged hospital stays, whichmay have been prevented through evidence based practice (Quigley & White, 2013). Patientsthat are hospitalized are at greater risk for falls due to the injuries or illnesses that place themthere (Tzeng & Yin, 2015). Not all falls are preventable but many are. A major concern inhospital units is fall related injuries (Tzeng & Yin, 2015). Falls cause an increase in neededresources and increased cost to both the patient and the hospital (Tzeng & Yin, 2015). The
BENCHMARK - PICOT STATEMENT AND CRITIQUE FINAL3purpose of this paper is to develop an answerable evidence based practice question using thePICOT statement and using relevant research articles to show how hospital fall protocols/policieshelp reduce falls for hospitalized patients.Research Article CritiqueResearch article critiques are important components of nursing research, as it allows forthe collected information to be analyzed and examined to determine is importance on theevidence based practice is pertains to (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015). Using both qualitative andquantitative research, it gives a research study validity and credibility (Grove et al., 2015). Theimportance of validity and credibility in nursing research is because it’s used for evidence basedpractice and then applied to patients (Grove et al., 2015). Does patient engagement and hourlyrounding reduce fall rates?Background of StudyQualitative“Hourly rounding has been identified as an effective falls reduction strategy inacute care settings” (Dyck, Thiele, Kebicz, Klassen, & Erenberg, 2013, para. 5).Hourly roundingmust be purposeful, frequent, and the nursing or therapy staff must have accountability (Dyck etal., 2013). Many questions were asked during this trial, such as how did the staff feel that hourlyrounding prevented falls, was toileting and or positioning a contributing factor to a fall, and whatfactors should be included in the hourly rounding to make it effective. These questions relate tothe study because it could explain any contributing factors that could lead to a fall, which wouldaid in the prevention of such by giving an examinable means to be studied in the prevention of

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Term
Spring
Professor
DE DEE FOTI
Tags
Qualitative Research, Evidence based medicine, Dyck, Tzeng

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